Perceptions updateIndex of PerceptionsPerceptions site mapsearch Perceptions
UEF Theory
comment + criticism welcome
`Perceptions' ITEM
Copyright © 2009 Ray Dickenson
Welcome - Chinese Peace - Arabic
Dream - Russian Soul Duty - Sanskrit

2016 SciMail

LATER Bad Rep BBC Evol Real Data Odd Venus Eco-Truth Dark Stuff? Planet X?
Paradigms Sun Cooler? Dark Stuff3 Secret BadSci Bad Sci Baboons Dark Stuff? Planet X?
Dark Matter? San Andreas Solar Tilt Slow Brain Cultures Corals Mars Prang Autism+
Neurons Live Mars Drug Rats Zombie Genes Nico-Neuron Catastrophe Universe? Evolution
Full Moon Antarctic? Collapse? Bad Phone Fake Science World IQs Bee Probs EARLIER

Evo/MAIL / MetaMAIL / NewIDEAS

plse use "MAIL PERCEPTIONS" to input


Date: Tue, 16 Aug 2016 16:44:26 +0100
Subject: WRONG - "Climate Change in Your Face"

WRONG - "Climate Change in Your Face"
http://www.bna.com/climate-change-face-n73014446392/
August 16, 2016 - `Climate Change in Your Face' at the Great Barrier Reef
"There are a lot of scientists who are generally in shock about this event," he said, calling the extent of coral bleaching of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "climate change in your face."
---

Ha!   Just another example of propaganda journalism, ignoring available (real) data.

TRUTH is that the Great Barrier Reef is subject to vast (and corrupt gov't aided) pollution, while other reefs around the world are thriving - because there's little or no pollution around them, as shown below.

So` climate change' CANNOT be the cause of Great Barrier Reef bleaching.
Cheers
Ray D


http://www.theatlantic.com/science/archive/2016/06/the-surprising-bright-spots-among-the-worlds-coral-reefs/487118/
Why Some Coral Reefs Are Thriving - Not all of the world's reefs are in bad shape

http://www.sandiegouniontribune.com/news/2016/mar/20/sd-me-scripps-coral-reef-health/
A new report from UC San Diego's Scripps Institution of Oceanography provides reason for optimism by highlighting the potential for preservation efforts. In a massive project spanning 56 islands, researchers documented 450 coral reef locations from Hawaii to American Samoa, with stops in the remote Line and Phoenix islands as well as the Mariana Archipelago.
The results - published in the journal Proceedings of the Royal Society - show that coral reefs surrounding remote islands were dramatically healthier than those in populated areas that were subject to a variety of human impacts.
---







Date: Date: Tue, 16 Aug 2016 15:56:21 +0100 Subject: "The Greatest Question Ever Posed"

"The Greatest Question Ever Posed" - is the opening quote, followed by an adulatory intro for Richard Dawkins (the biggest poser in the neo-Darwinist camp).

The BBC loves Dawkins for several reasons: he's selling "Greed is Good", which a corrupt BBC needs to promote, and his concepts are shallow and simplistic, so BBC hacks can understand them.  Sadly all Dawkins' concepts are WRONG.

As always the BBC is way behind the action in cutting-edge science, being terrified of new thinking and seeking `mainstream conformity' - so the rest of the programme seems to be a collection of hackneyed clichés, fighting shy of the interesting modern stuff.
Ray D


http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b06grwnq
Evolution | Recycled Radio, Series 4
Gerald Scarfe is back to guide you through the BBC archive - mutated into something completely different. Today's subject: Evolution.
This episode tackles the history of our evolution and searches the archive for answers to some of the biggest questions ever posed on Radio 4. Why are we like we are? Can things only get better? What's the full title of the Origin of Species? What can Darwin, Lemarck, Bernard Lovell, Tony Blair, Brian the Snail, D:Ream, Mary Berry, and the prawn cracker tell us about evolution? Recycled Radio might have the answer.
Producer: Polly Weston.
---







Date: Mon, 15 Aug 2016 10:04:32 +0100
Subject: "Global warming polarizes more than abortion"

"Global warming polarizes more than abortion"

Ha!  First off, the article below is un-researched claptrap, scarcely better than overt propaganda.
Here's its problems:

temps 15,000 years a) - Actual facts (i.e. the real science data) clearly show that while world-temperatures are slowly recovering after the `Little Ice Age', they are still lower than for much of the last ten thousand years - when sea-levels were much higher than now, glaciers were much smaller or actually disappeared, and lush vegetation covered many now-desert areas:  see these temperature graphs

b) - When Seth Borenstein writes `science' or `scientists' he implies that there is a "majority consensus" of qualified climate scientists all agreeing that `global warming' is man-made (anthropogenic).  That is UNTRUE!

c) - The often quoted "97% consensus" is a FAKE, inserted _after_ signatures to a conference agreement, composed mostly of scientists who DIDN'T express that opinion, plus a bunch of ignorant political appointees willing to say anything, all being misrepresented by a small group of corrupt gov't-owned scientists and their political sponsors:  see the fake-consensus facts

d) - From all above we can see that alarmist forecasts of `extinctions', `death of corals' `acid seas' `desertification' (all from "warming") are UNTRUE!  They didn't happen before, in the much warmer parts of the last ten thousand years, so why should they happen now?

e) - While any sensible person would hope for more warming, say to the level of the Medieval Warm Period, when the world saw huge benefits from crop increases, warmer climates and the retreat of glaciation and ice-caps, it is not possible to forecast that happening - any hiccup could throw us back into another Little Ice Age or even worse:  see those worries

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.seattletimes.com/nation-world/divided-america-global-warming-polarizes-more-than-abortion-2/
DIVIDED AMERICA: Global warming polarizes more than abortion
Originally published August 14, 2016 at 9:01 pm Updated August 14, 2016 at 9:38 pm

By SETH BORENSTEIN | The Associated Press | WASHINGTON (AP)
Two decades ago, the issue of climate change wasn't as contentious. The leading U.S. Senate proponent of taking action on global warming was Republican John McCain. George W. Bush wasn't as zealous on the issue as his Democratic opponent for president in 2000, Al Gore, but he, too, talked of regulating carbon dioxide.

Then the Earth got even hotter , repeatedly breaking temperature records. But instead of drawing closer together, politicians polarized.
Democrats (and scientists) became more convinced that global warming was a real, man-made threat . But Republicans and Tea Party activists became more convinced that it was - to quote the repeated tweets of presidential nominee Donald Trump - a "hoax." ...
"It's more politically polarizing than abortion," says Anthony Leiserowitz, director of the Yale Program on Climate Change Communication. "It's more politically polarizing than gay marriage."

Leiserowitz says his surveys show 17 percent of Americans, the fastest-growing group, are alarmed by climate change and want action now, with another 28 percent concerned but viewing it as a more distant threat. But there's an often-vocal 10 percent who are dismissive, rejecting the concept of warming and the science ...
People in the 1960s `had faith in science, had hope in science. Most people thought science was responsible for improving their daily lives,' says Marcia McNutt, president of the National Academy of Sciences. ...
Climate change is more about tribalism, or who we identify with politically and socially, Nisbet and other experts say. Liberals believe in global warming, conservatives don't. ...
Judy Curry, a Georgia Tech atmospheric scientist and self-described climate gadfly, has experienced ostracism from the other side. She repeatedly clashed with former colleagues after she publicly doubted the extent of global warming and criticized the way mainstream scientists operate. Now she says, no one will even look at her for other jobs in academia.

WHAT CHANGED
In 1997, then-Vice President Gore helped broker an international treaty to reduce heat-trapping gases from the burning of coal, oil and gas.

"And at that moment" says Leiserowitz, "the two parties begin to divide. They begin to split and go farther and farther and farther apart until we reach today's environment where climate change is now one of the most polarized issues in America."

Consider lobster scientist Diane Cowan in Friendship, Maine, who expresses dismay.

"I am definitely bearing witness to climate change," Cowan says. "I read about climate change. I knew sea level was rising but I saw it and, until it impacted me directly, I didn't feel it the same way."

Republican Jodi Crosson, a 55-year-old single mother and production and sales manager in Bexley, Ohio, thinks global warming is a serious problem because she's felt the wrath of extreme weather and rising heat. But to her, it's not quite as big an issue as the economy.
...
BRIDGING DIFFERENCES
Overwhelmingly, scientists who study the issue say it is man-made and a real problem. Using basic physics and chemistry and computer simulations, scientists have repeatedly calculated that most of the extra warming comes from humans, instead of nature. Dozens of scientific measurements show Earth is warming. Since 1997, the world has warmed by 0.44 degrees (0.25 degrees Celsius).

Repeatedly explaining science and showing data doesn't convince some people to change their core beliefs, experts say. So instead some climate activists and even scientists try to build bridges to communities that might doubt that the Earth is warming but are not utterly dismissive.
(abridged - more at page)
---







Date: TFri, 12 Aug 2016 09:22:53 +0100
Subject: "Venus may have once been habitable"


"Venus may have once been habitable"

Am amused by the `scientists' being scared to tackle the most noticeable Venus anomaly - it's obviously been involved in a Velikovsky-type interplanetary collision, resulting in its backward - slow - rotation and probably all that followed.
Ray D


https://www.rt.com/news/355585-venus-habitable-nasa-study/
Venus may have once been habitable, possessed atmosphere similar to Earth - NASA
Published time: 11 Aug, 2016 19:07

Habitable Venus Venus may have once had a shallow ocean and habitable temperatures, allowing it to support life for up to two billion years of its early history, according to NASA researchers. Using a model similar to what is used to study climate change on Earth, scientists at NASA's Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) concluded that the planet may have once been an entirely different place than modern-day Venus, which is a "hellish place" with a carbon dioxide atmosphere 90 times as thick as Earth's and almost no water vapor, and temperatures that reach 864 degrees Fahrenheit (462 degrees Celsius).

"Many of the same tools we use to model climate change on Earth can be adapted to study climates on other planets, both past and present," Michael Way, a researcher at GISS and the paper's lead author, said in a statement.

The research, published in the journal Geophysical Research Letters, was made possible by using previous data and applying it to a new hypothesis of what ancient Venus was really like.

First, the scientists used data from NASA's Pioneer mission in the 1980s, which suggested that Venus may have once had an ocean.

They then used newer research which, contrary to previous beliefs, found that just because a planet has a slow rotation rate - like Venus - doesn't mean it has a thick atmosphere. That is, although modern Venus has a thick atmosphere, an earlier Venus could have had a different - and more habitable - environment, while still maintaining the exact same rotation rate it does today.

Using that existing information, the scientists based their research on the assumption that ancient Venus had more dry land than Earth, particularly in the tropics. That would have limited the amount of water that was evaporated from the oceans. If that assumption was true, the hypothetical Venus of the past would have possessed an ideal environment to host life.

Moving forward, the researchers simulated a Venus with an atmosphere similar to Earth's, but with a day as long as Venus' current day, which totals 117 Earth days. They also threw in a shallow ocean which was consistent with data from Pioneer spacecraft.

They went on to add information about Venus' topography, using radar measurements taken by NASA's Magellan mission in the 1990s. They filled the lowlands with water, leaving the highlands exposed. They also included an ancient sun that was up to 30 percent dimmer. Even with those adjustments, they found that their ancient Venus model received about 40 percent more sunlight than modern-day Earth.

"In the GISS model's simulation, Venus' slow spin exposes its dayside to the sun for almost two months at a time," co-author and GISS scientist Anthony Del Genio said. "This warms the surface and produces rain that creates a thick layer of clouds, which acts like an umbrella to shield the surface from much of the solar heating. The result is mean climate temperatures that are actually a few degrees cooler than Earth's today."

The study was done as part of NASA's Planetary Science Astrobiology program through the Nexus for Exoplanet System
---







Date: Fri, 12 Aug 2016 08:57:08 +0100
Subject: "Guns and tractors threaten biodiversity more than global warming"


"Guns and tractors threaten biodiversity more than global warming"

About time someone told the truth.  As that graphic shows, over-exploitation, agriculture, urbanization and pollution are the main killers of wildlife and the ecology.

[The Great Barrier Reef is an example - the bleaching and die-off is caused by agricultural run-off (greedy over-use of fertilizers & pesticides) and industrial pollution]

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3734157/Tractors-bigger-threat-wildlife-climate-study.html
Climate change is NOT the 'biggest killer' of wildlife: Guns and tractors threaten biodiversity more than global warming

Scientists studied 8,688 'threatened' or 'near-threatened' species
They found that three-quarters are being over-exploited for commerce
Half have had their natural habitats transformed into industrial farms
PUBLISHED: 09:37, 11 August 2016 | UPDATED: 23:13, 11 August 2016

The main driver of wildlife extinction is not climate change, but humanity's harvesting of species and our ever-expanding agricultural footprint. This is according to a new study of nearly 9,000 'threatened' or 'near-threatened' species. While scientists acknowledge climate change is a threat, they found that three-quarters are being over-exploited for commerce, recreation or subsistence.

Demand for meat and body parts, for example, have driven the Western gorilla and Chinese pangolin to near extinction, and pushed the Sumatran rhinoceros - prized in China for bogus medicines made from its horn - over the edge.

And more than half of the 8,688 species of animals and plants evaluated are suffering due to the conversion of their natural habitats into industrial farms and plantations, mainly to raise livestock and grow commodity crops for fuel or food.

By comparison, only 19 per cent of these species are currently affected by climate change, they reported in a study published in the peer-reviewed journal Nature. Conservation budgets, the researchers argued, must reflect this reality.

`Addressing the old foes of over-harvesting and agricultural activities are key to turning around the biodiversity extinction crisis,' said lead author Sean Maxwell, a professor at the University of Queensland in Australia.

These threats, rather than climate change, `must be at the forefront of the conservation agenda,' he said in a statement.
The provocative appeal - which elicited sharp reactions - comes a month before a crucial meeting of the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).
This is a policy-oriented umbrella grouping of governments, industry and NGOs that meets every three or four years.

Killers of Ecology This graphic shows the main causes of biodiversity decline. By far the greatest is overpopulation, followed by agriculture and urbanization

The IUCN also manages the gold-standard Red List of endangered species, tracking and cataloging the health of Earth's flora and fauna.
Climate change has overshadowed more traditional conservation priorities over the last decade, siphoning limited resources - and cash - away from more urgent needs, the authors argued.
In December, 195 nations inked the Paris Agreement, the first global pact to curb greenhouse gas emissions and help poor countries cope with global warming impacts such as rising seas, drought and super-storms.

The agreement - which could be ratified as early as this year --calls for the mobilization of hundreds of billions of dollars in the coming decades.

The Nature analysis acknowledges global warming could become an increasingly dominant menace for biodiversity in the coming decades.
`But, overwhelmingly, the most immediate threat comes from agriculture and over-exploitation,' said co-author James Watson, a biodiversity expert at the Wildlife Conservation Society.
`Unless we tackle these problems now, many species may disappear by the time the full impacts of climate change really kicks.'
Earth, he pointed out, has now entered a `mass extinction event' in which species are disappearing 1,000 to 10,000 times more quickly than a century or two ago.
There have only been six such wipe-outs in the last half-billion years, some of them claiming up to 95 percent of all life forms. `It is hard to exaggerate just how dramatic the threat to Earth's species really is,' Watson said.

Other conservationists were critical of both the Nature analysis, and the accompanying appeal.
`There is no need to see trade-offs among different conservation priorities - we need them all,' Peter MacIntyre, an expert on the ecology of fresh-water systems at the University of Wisconsin, told AFP.
MacIntyre illustrated that very point in a study, published this week, that fingered climate change, as well as over-fishing and pollution, for the depletion since 1950 of fish stocks in central Africa's Lake Tanganyika, a vital source of protein for millions.
`What good is it protecting a habitat that becomes oxygen-deprived or too hot for its current species due to climate warming, or where lake levels drop due to changes in precipitation patterns?', he asked. It does not, in other words, makes sense to look at different problems in isolation.

Christopher Wolf, an expert on large carnivores at Oregon State University, agrees with the Nature analysis, noting that hunting and habitat loss are - at least for big cats and wolves - much greater dangers in the near term.
---







Date: Thu, 11 Aug 2016 09:09:17 +0100
Subject:Further `Paradigm Shifters'


Further `Paradigm Shifters'

Just now reading `The Paradigm Shifters: Overthrowing the Hegemony of the Culture of Darwin'; by Susan Mazur: interviews with brave scientists who've concluded that Darwinism (and neo-Darwinism) - the assertion that random point mutations followed by `natural selection' is the only driver of `Evolution' - is not tenable, for time-line reasons and predominantly for reasons now found in the scientific record:

To save my typing hands here's the list in a HTML page, with clickable links to their publications (don't be scared by the title of that page - it tries to dispassionately consider _all_ the claimed routes to Life on Earth).
Cheers
Ray D







Date: Wed, 10 Aug 2016 03:31:23 +0100
Subject: "Sun's activity will cause global cooling"


"Sun's activity will cause global cooling"

Right, as the Scandinavians were saying for some years - any climate changes are mostly due to the SUN, not man-made effects [`anthropogenic'].

Just now it's a quiet Sun, and a very cool August night.
Ray D


https://www.rt.com/usa/355301-global-cooling-sun-activity/ Sun's activity will cause global cooling - scientist
Published time: 9 Aug, 2016 20:42
Recent research by a scientist has suggested that there could be an imminent 35-year period of low solar activity that could lead to cooler global temperatures.
If new models of the inner workings of the sun published by Professor Valentina Zharkova and her colleagues at Northumbria University on Tuesday are correct, then future variations in solar activity will be able to be predicted more accurately.

The sun is already known to have 11-year cycles of sunspots coming and going on the surface. But models that rely on looking at external features of the stars have only had mixed success in predicting the solar cycles.

Zharkova's team found that the sun's magnetic fields come from two components from two different layers of its body, and suggests that looking at the interactions between these two magnetic waves either magnifies or diminishes the sun's intensity.

Perhaps most startlingly, observations made by the team using this method suggest that we may be entering a period of reduced solar activity, meaning that a period of lower global temperatures could be on the way. These conditions could be similar to those seen during the `Little Ice Age' of the 1600s, the peak of which was called the `Maunder Minimum,' a 70-year period when sunspots became extremely rare.

"In the Northern Hemisphere - the rivers were frozen, there were winters and no summers, and so on," Zharkova said of the Little Ice Age, adding that she estimated the new predicted sunspot minimum to last for 35 years.

Whether future cycles actually match the scientists' predictions will put their model to the test, but some climate scientists were not accepting of the new research, with some even trying to suppress it.

"Some of them were welcoming and discussing. But some of them were quite - I would say - pushy," she told The Global Warming Policy Forum in an interview. "They were trying to actually silence us. Some of them contacted the Royal Astronomical Society demanding, behind our back, to withdraw our press release."

The Little Ice Age is a controversial topic among scientist, with some arguing that low solar activity contributed to cooler temperatures in the Northern Hemisphere and others contending atmospheric effects of volcanic eruptions pushed temperatures lower.
---







Date: Fri, 5 Aug 2016 20:26:30 +0100
Subject: Re: "Huge dark matter experiment finds nothing"


Right Choong - the media and mainstream scientists always present "Big Sci" as an agreed `consensus' whereas in fact many of the cutting-edge folk have very different ideas.

That `consensus' is actually composed of the majority:  mediocre, relatively uninformed bean-counters who can barely call themselves `scientists' and don't know what's happening at the fore of science.

Many younger real scientists don't believe in `black holes', nor in the `big bang' or `dark matter' / `dark energy' - but they aren't allowed to speak for the `consensus'.

Cheers
Ray D


From: Choong K*** Y***
Sent: Friday, August 05, 2016 5:28 PM

You know Ray, what if they still wont be able to detect anything once the new detector being build because they are not detecting the anomaly that is based on the rule of physics of our universe ...
Choong

On 22-Jul-16 4:19 AM, Ray Dickenson wrote:
"Huge dark matter experiment finds nothing"







Date: Fri, 5 Aug 2016 09:51:37 +0100
Subject: "`Secrecy Pact' Against Climate Change Skeptics"

"`Secrecy Pact' Against Climate Change Skeptics"

More Climate Hoax exposures (see below):  Note that politically-correct people think it's OK to trample on all our rights in pursuit of their objectives.
What they don't (or can't) realize is that they are not only degrading the science but denying debate and freedom of expression.
End result?  Commissars and `thought-police' take charge - and those PC folk will be at the top of their extermination list!

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.cnsnews.com/news/article/barbara-hollingsworth/legal-watchdog-group-accuses-state-ags-green-groups-signing
By Barbara Hollingsworth | August 4, 2016 | 5:04 PM EDT
Legal Watchdog Group Accuses State AGs of Signing `Secrecy Pact' Against Climate Change Skeptics

New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman at a March 29, 2016 press conference in New York attended by former Vice President Al Gore. (State of New York)
(CNSNews.com) - A coalition of 17 state attorneys general led by New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman secretly agreed to obstruct requests for open records regarding their coordinated attack against climate change skeptics, according to documents obtained by a legal watchdog group.

A copy of the coalition's May 18 Common Interest Agreement was obtained by the Energy & Environment Legal Institute (E&E Legal) after repeated requests were filed by director David Schnare and executive director Craig Richardson under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA).

E&E Legal - which calls the agreement a "secrecy pact" - is challenging the coalition's announced plan to take legal action against climate change `deniers' - including filing criminal charges.

According to the agreement, which was signed by coalition members to advance `their common legal interests in limiting climate change and ensuring the dissemination of accurate information about climate change,' all documents exchanged between them and their `outside advisors' were to be marked "Attorney-Client Privileged" or "Attorney Work Product".

The agreement further states that the signatories agree to "retain all applicable privileges and claims to confidentiality .... [including] exemptions from disclosure under any public records laws that may be asserted to protect against disclosure of Shared Information to non-Parties."

It was signed by the state attorneys general of California, Connecticut, the District of Columbia, Illinois, Maine, Massachusetts, Maryland, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Rhode Island, the U.S Virgin Islands, Vermont, Virginia and Washington State.

But E&E Legal said that such agreements are reserved for specific litigation.

"Common interest agreements must be tailored to specific legal actions, which the AG's agreement doesn't do," E&E Legal pointed out in a press release. It "appears to be more of an effort to obtain a `Get Out of FOIA Free card', rather than a suit or any discrete formal project."

"This is far less a proper common interest agreement than a sweeping cloak of secrecy, one this `informal coalition' is trying to cast over all discussions of their use of law enforcement to impose the `climate' agenda, including with outside activists and even donors," said E&E Legal senior fellow Chris Horner.

"It was drafted not in anticipation of any particular litigation but in obvious anticipation of open records requests. We have already revealed they've colluded on this use of their law enforcement powers to wage a political campaign with political activist groups and activist lawyers. This is wrong and in the end will be fully exposed," Horner said.

"Perhaps that is why so many of the AGs have already walked away from this abusive campaign. It's certainly why they are trying to keep it all secret."

On March 29, Schneiderman appeared at a press conference in New York with former Vice President Al Gore and a number of other state AGs to announce an "historic state-based effort to combat climate change."

"We stand ready to defend the next president's climate change agenda, and vow to fight any efforts to roll-back the meaningful progress we've made over the past eight years," Schneiderman said.

But in a joint press release issued a day later, Oklahoma AG Scott Pruitt and Alabama AG Luther Strange said: `We won't be joining this effort ... It is inappropriate for State Attorneys General to use the power of their office to attempt to silence core political speech on one of the major policy debates of our time."

E&E Legal previously released emails showing that Schneiderman's staff secretly worked with eight outside environmental groups to target climate change skeptics, including the Competitive Enterprise Institute (CEI).

On July 13, the House Science, Space, and Technology Committee subpoenaed documents from Schneiderman, Massachusetts Attorney General Maura Healey, and the eight green groups "related to coordinated efforts to deprive companies, nonprofit organizations, scientists and scholars of their First Amendment rights."

After they refused to comply, Chairman Lamar Smith (R-TX) issued a July 27 statement that said: "The Committee is disappointed that the New York and Massachusetts Attorneys General and the environmental activist organizations behind the AG's efforts have refused to comply with lawfully issued subpoenas. Their noncompliance only raises additional questions.

"As discussions with the individual subpoena recipients move forward, the Committee will consider using all tools at its disposal to further its investigation."
---







Date: Thu, 4 Aug 2016 11:47:27 +0100
Subject: "Hoax Scientists are Preparing for a FlipFlop Back to Global Cooling!"

"Hoax Scientists are Preparing for a FlipFlop Back to Global Cooling!"

A bit strident but he's only reporting the actual evidence - you've probably seen many of these individual facts yourself over last few years (most it is already available at glacials.html and links).

However, when it's collected together, and presented as a whole - then we can see how rotten Big-Sci has become, at the behest of Big-Gov't and Big-Corps who want us meekly accepting corrupt and regressive tax hikes and limitations on freedom of speech and action that no sensible person would agree to.

All in the name of corrupt Scientism (not `science' but the mindless and ignorant worship of science lies and propaganda).

Cheers
Ray D
PS - thanks to FB post

https://ihavethetruth.com/2016/07/04/climate-change-hoax-scientists-are-preparing-for-a-flipflop-back-to-global-cooling/
Climate Change Hoax Scientists are Preparing for a FlipFlop Back to Global Cooling! By scott Osborn | Jul 4, 2016
WE HAVE SEEN IT COMING FOR THE CLIMATE CHANGE HOAX MANTRA FOR SOME TIME NOW.

Since there has been absolutely no warming for 2 decades, arguably none at all, the mantra had to change back to Global Cooling!

In the information age, this might just be the nail in the coffin for the Climate Change Hoax. It begins to look rather silly at this point.

It is being blamed on melting icebergs and `a conveyor belt of ocean currents'. They may have triggered or exacerbated ice age slowdowns to Atlantic Ocean currents.

We have seen it coming for the Climate Change Hoax mantra for some time now.

Oh Boy! Here we go!

Science.com reports:
The last ice age wasn't one long big chill. Dozens of times temperatures abruptly rose or fell, causing all manner of ecological change. Mysteriously, ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica show that these sudden shifts - which occurred every 1500 years or so - were out of sync in the two hemispheres: When it got cold in the north, it grew warm in the south, and vice versa. Now, scientists have implicated the culprit behind those seesaws - changes to a conveyor belt of ocean currents known as the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC).

These currents, which today drive the Gulf Stream, bring warm surface waters north and send cold, deeper waters south. But they weakened suddenly and drastically, nearly to the point of stopping, just before several periods of abrupt climate change, researchers report today in Science. In a matter of decades, temperatures plummeted in the north, as the currents brought less warmth in that direction. Meanwhile, the backlog of warm, southern waters allowed the Southern Hemisphere to heat up.

"It is very convincing evidence," adds Andreas Schmittner, a climate scientist at Oregon State University, Corvallis. "We did not know that the circulation changed during these shorter intervals."

The scientists are in a dilemma now! Where do they go, and where do they turn! They have been trying for years now to explain why Al Gores catastrophic global warming never happened! Read about the 35 lies in his movie!
http://joeforamerica.com/2016/03/climate-change-hoax-35-lies-al-gores-movie-inconvenient-truth/

NO WONDER THE LEFT WANTS TO SILENCE CLIMATE CHANGE HOAX CRITICS!
Maybe it is because Al Gore said in 2008 that the entire Arctic Shelf would be gone by 2013 and that it is not only not gone, it is growing again. (By 30% in 2013)
http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2415191/And-global-COOLING-Return-Arctic-ice-cap-grows-29-year.html

Maybe it was because after he claimed in 2008 that the Arctic Ice would be totally gone by 2013, that by 2012, it had already grown by 50%
http://www.breitbart.com/national-security/2013/12/17/cryosat-satellite%20-findings-arctic-ice-increase/

Maybe it is because they found out that the scientists were fudging the data on the temperatures for the Climate Change Hoax.
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/earth/environment/globalwarming/11395516/The-fiddling-with-temperature-data-is-the-biggest-science-scandal-ever.html

Maybe it is because they found out that the IPCC (United Nations' Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change) has been lying.
http://www.forbes.com/sites/realspin/2014/03/31/the-ipccs-latest-report-deliberately-excludes-and-misrepresents-important-climate-science/

Maybe it is because the American public does not like to be threatened when they exercise their 1st Amendment rights and disagree with him.
http://www.newsmax.com/Newsfront/gore-climate-change-deniers/2015/03/16/id/630426/

Maybe it is because Climate Change Hoax models showing global warming have been wrong 95% of the time.
http://dailycaller.com/2014/02/11/report-95-percent-of-global-warming-models-are-wrong/#ixzz2t4gPo8iJ

THE DOG ATE THE GLOBAL WARMING AND OTHER HILARIOUS EXCUSES FOR WHY THERE HAS BEEN NO ACTUAL WARMING IN 2 DECADES
http://joeforamerica.com/2015/11/dog-ate-global-warming-hilarious-excuses-no-actual-warming-2-decades/

AND NOW MORE LIES! HOW MANY LIES BEFORE EVERYONE GETS THAT MAN-MADE CLIMATE CHANGE IS JUST ONE BIG HOAX?

Dr. Tim Ball, author of The Deliberate Corruption of Climate Science, is a Canadian geographer and historical climatologist, best known for his public opposition to the scientific consensus in the global warming controversy:







Date: Sun, 31 Jul 2016 13:21:17 +0100
Subject: The Baboon Plague


The Baboon Plague

Have got a few of Elaine Morgan's books (on human evolution - `Aquatic Ape Series') and they're good reading.  Just now found another factoid in her book `The Scars of Evolution', which is a sort-of review of the earlier ones and a mop-up of various accumulated evidence.

The factoid is interesting because it proves what we've been saying for some years now:  that the "Out of Africa 60,000 yrs Ago" - a myth still being preached by Big Science as the origin of humans - is irrelevant rubbish!

My original reasons for skepticism were to do with the time needed for all the human `racial' differences to arise - much more than 60,000 years.  Also the fact that Sino-Asians (Chinese / Mongolians etc.) seem to have been evolving for much longer, and in different ways, than, say, Africans or Australian Aborigines.

But Elaine's factoid is simple and stark:  some millions of years ago there was a plague in Africa.  It started in the baboon population but was harmless to them.  However the airborne `Type C Virus' easily crossed species barriers and infected ALL African monkeys and apes, presumably including any hominids in Africa at the time.  We can tell all this because all African monkeys and apes carry the genetic marker of resistance to the Baboon Plague - any that didn't develop resistance went extinct.  But NO humans carry that marker, not even modern `Africans' - so they weren't exposed to the baboon virus.

I.e. wherever our ancestors were at the time of the Baboon Plague (maybe up to several million years ago) - they weren't in continental Africa!

Cheers
Ray D

`The Scars of Evolution' p. 176 gives this as the initial source paper on the Baboon Plague, from 1976:
Todaro, G.J., Sherr, C.J., Benveniste, R.E.
"Baboons and their close relatives are unusual among primates in their ability to release non-defective endogenous type-C viruses."
Virology. 1976;72-278.
Crossref - PubMed - Scopus (28)
---







Date: Thu, 28 Jul 2016 10:12:41 +0100
Subject: Largest ever map of the universe points to mysterious `dark energy'


"Largest ever map of the universe points to mysterious `dark energy'"

Seems they're always inventing new reasons (excuses) for not finding their forecast `dark stuff' [matter / energy).

Think the real reason is that neither `dark matter' nor `dark energy' actually exist!

[Some years ago collected real evidence, showing there's no need for dark stuff - but BigSci has painted itself into a corner.)

Cheers
Ray D


https://www.theguardian.com/science/across-the-universe/2016/jul/26/largest-ever-map-of-the-universe-points-to-mysterious-dark-energy
Largest ever map of the universe points to mysterious `dark energy'
Stuart Clark, Author `The Unknown Universe' | Tuesday 26 July 2016 11.00 BST
EXTRACT
"Although there is an overwhelming majority of astronomers who believe in the existence of dark energy - and by extension a root and branch re-working of modern physics - some insist that there is a simpler answer.

To them, dark energy is the product of an oversimplification in the way we apply Einstein's General Theory of Relativity to our study of the universe. In other words, we are getting the sums wrong, and then saying that the error must be the result of an previously undiscovered energy field.

To make their sums easier, astronomers assume that matter is spread evenly throughout space. Change this to reflect that the universe is "lumpy" - which is a much harder calculation - and the need for dark energy goes away, say the mavericks.

Who is right? Only time and an awful lot more work will tell.

To this end, the European Space Agency will launch the Euclid mission in 2020. It will map the shapes, positions and movements of two billion galaxies across more than a third of the sky, during the course of a six year mission. More than 1000 scientists from over 100 institutes across 14 European countries are working on the mission.

Once the data is in, the race will be on to see who can provide the most accurate simulation: the `dark energists', or those who believe in the `lumpiverse'.
[Stuart Clark is the author of The Unknown Universe (Head of Zeus), and co-host of the podcast The Stuniverse (Bingo Productions)."]
---







Date: Sat, 23 Jul 2016 14:39:47 +0100
Subject: "Researcher Links Mass Extinctions to 'Planet X'"


"Researcher Links Mass Extinctions to 'Planet X'"

This just popped up again (on FB?).  Have seen it before a few times, quite early on under the name of the "Nemesis Theory" (think that's being updated now).

There's quite a few different mechanisms proposed:  being subjected to a hail of comets / asteroids every time Earth rises or descends through the galactic plane, or similar when moving into or out of a galactic spiral arm, or all the cyclical bombardments that long-term comets cause, plus the Planet `X' or Nemesis idea.

Most of them supply data on `cyclical' mass extinctions - some saying every 26M yrs, or 32 M yrs or various other versions.  (Here's one graph - there are others).

Cheers
Ray D


https://news.uark.edu/articles/34087/u-of-a-researcher-links-mass-extinctions-to-planet-x-
U of A Researcher Links Mass Extinctions to 'Planet X'

FAYETTEVILLE, Ark. - Periodic mass extinctions on Earth, as indicated in the global fossil record, could be linked to a suspected ninth planet, according to research published by a faculty member of the University of Arkansas Department of Mathematical Sciences.

Daniel Whitmire, a retired professor of astrophysics now working as a math instructor, published findings in the January issue of Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society that the as yet undiscovered `Planet X' triggers comet showers linked to mass extinctions on Earth at intervals of approximately 27 million years.

Though scientists have been looking for Planet X for 100 years, the possibility that it's real got a big boost recently when researchers from Caltech inferred its existence based on orbital anomalies seen in objects in the Kuiper Belt, a disc-shaped region of comets and other larger bodies beyond Neptune. If the Caltech researchers are correct, Planet X is about 10 times the mass of Earth and could currently be up to 1,000 times more distant from the sun

Whitmire and his colleague, John Matese, first published research on the connection between Planet X and mass extinctions in the journal Nature in 1985 while working as astrophysicists at the University of Louisiana at Lafayette. Their work was featured in a 1985 Time magazine cover story titled, "Did Comets Kill the Dinosaurs? A Bold New Theory About Mass Extinctions."

At the time there were three explanations proposed to explain the regular comet showers: Planet X, the existence of a sister star to the sun, and vertical oscillations of the sun as it orbits the galaxy. The last two ideas have subsequently been ruled out as inconsistent with the paleontological record. Only Planet X remained as a viable theory, and it is now gaining renewed attention.

Whitemire and Matese's theory is that as Planet X orbits the sun, its tilted orbit slowly rotates and Planet X passes through the Kuiper belt of comets every 27 million years, knocking comets into the inner solar system. The dislodged comets not only smash into the Earth, they also disintegrate in the inner solar system as they get nearer to the sun, reducing the amount of sunlight that reaches the Earth.

In 1985, a look at the paleontological record supported the idea of regular comet showers dating back 250 million years. Newer research shows evidence of such events dating as far back as 500 million years.

Whitmire and Matese published their own estimate on the size and orbit of Planet X in their original study. They believed it would be between one and five times the mass of Earth, and about 100 times more distant from the sun, much smaller numbers than Caltech's estimates.

Matese has since retired and no longer publishes. Whitmire retired from the University of Louisiana at Lafayette in 2012 and began teaching at the University of Arkansas in 2013.

Whitmire says what's really exciting is the possibility that a distant planet may have had a significant influence on the evolution of life on Earth.

"I've been part of this story for 30 years," he said. "If there is ever a final answer I'd love to write a book about it."
---







Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2016 21:19:38 +0100
Subject: "Huge dark matter experiment finds nothing"


"Huge dark matter experiment finds nothing"

Wouldn't want to sound "told you so"ish - but maybe check some earlier (secret) science at mail answer ansci8.html#grav-t.
[from 2011, and it's just common sense, once you get past the big words]
Ray D


http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/huge-dark-matter-experiment-finds-nothing-despite-burying-giant-machine-in-disused-gold-mine-a7148021.html
The Independent | Andrew Griffin 9 hours ago [21 July 2016]
Huge dark matter experiment finds nothing, despite burying giant machine in disused gold mine
Not finding dark matter is still useful, because it tells scientists what the elusive stuff can't do
Scientists spent £7 million and many years burying a giant machine in a disused gold mine to look for dark matter - and found nothing.
(more at page ...)
---







Date: Thu, 21 Jul 2016 03:37:46 +0100
Subject: "Earthquakes on San Andreas Fault triggered by gravitational tug of sun and moon"


"Earthquakes on San Andreas Fault triggered by gravitational tug of sun and moon"

Well, well - it's _almost_ what we've been saying for some years now - check our forecast stuff (and scroll).

Believe some other (Russian?) scientists have also earlier confirmed similar results?

Cheers
Ray D


http://phys.org/news/2016-07-earthquakes-san-andreas-fault-triggered.html Phys Org News
Some earthquakes on San Andreas Fault triggered by gravitational tug of sun and moon
July 19, 2016 by Rosanna Xia, Los Angeles Times

The gravitational tug between the sun and moon is not just a dance of high and low tides: It can also trigger a special kind of earthquake on the San Andreas Fault.
This phenomenon has fascinated scientists for years. Like sea levels, the surface of the Earth also goes up and down with the tides, flexing the crust and stressing the faults inside. Further study found that during certain phases of the tidal cycle, small tremors deep underground - known as low-frequency earthquakes - were more likely to occur.

"It's kind of crazy, right? That the moon, when it's pulling in the same direction that the fault is slipping, causes the fault to slip more - and faster," said Nicholas van der Elst, a U.S. Geological Survey geophysicist and lead author of a new study on the subject published Monday in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. "What it shows is that the fault is super weak - much weaker than we would expect - given that there's 20 miles of rock sitting on top of it."

Studying how these low-frequency earthquakes respond to the tides can reveal new information about the San Andreas and what it might mean for larger earthquakes, researchers say. The data offer a window into deeper parts of the fault - as much as 20 miles underground - that would otherwise be inaccessible.

Scientists first discovered these deeper tremors on the fault about 10 years ago, along a particularly sensitive section in Parkfield, Calif., where the San Andreas transitions from its northern section, where it's gently releasing tectonic energy, to its southern portion, which is locked and capable of producing a big one.

For his most recent study, Van der Elst and his team looked at about 81,000 low-frequency earthquakes from 2008 to 2015 along the Parkfield section of the fault and compared it to the two-week tidal cycle known as the "fortnightly tide." They found that these earthquakes were most likely to occur during the waxing period, when the tide was getting bigger the fastest.

Like ocean tides, the strongest Earth tides occur when the sun and moon are aligned, and the weakest occur when they are 90 degrees apart. The same gravitational forces stretch and compress the Earth's crust (though the rock moves less dramatically than seawater).

Some faults are more susceptible to tidal triggering than others, such as offshore faults like the Cascadia subduction zone off the Pacific Northwest coast, scientists said. Other characteristics of the fault, such as its orientation or how close it is to the Earth's crust, also affect the tidal response.

It's remarkable that the San Andreas even produces small earthquakes in response to tidal forces, researchers said, given that the fault is not oriented in a way that gets the full strength of the tides.

Low-frequency earthquakes - they're called "low-frequency" for the rumbling sound that they make, not for their rate of occurrence - tend to have magnitudes less than 1.0 and occur about 15 to 30 kilometers (about 9 to 19 miles) below ground, nearing the deepest part of the crust where it transitions to the Earth's mantle.

The significance here is less the earthquakes themselves, and more the information they're giving scientists about the deeper parts of the fault, said USGS seismologist David Shelly, who helped write the new study.

"They tell us that the fault continues down below where the regular or typical earthquakes stop on the San Andreas, about 10 or 12 km (about 6 to 7 miles)," Shelly said. "And they tell us a lot of things about that deep part of the fault that before, we had no idea existed at all."

They also show that this part of the San Andreas is creeping, or slowly moving, almost all the time. These low-frequency earthquakes, with the help of tidal forces, have essentially created a natural laboratory for scientists to keep tabs on the fault's movement.

"It's almost like having a lot of little creep meters embedded in the fault," Shelly said. "We can use these low-frequency earthquakes as measurements of, at least in a relative sense, how much slip is happening at each little spot on the deep part of the fault where we see these events. When we don't see them, we don't know what's happening; we don't know whether it's slipping silently or not slipping at all."

The information is incredibly useful, he added. Whenever the deep part of the fault slips, the stress gets transferred to the shallow part of the fault.
"So if all of a sudden, we saw that the deep part of the fault was slipping a huge amount, it might be an indication that there was an increased chance of having an earthquake come at the shallower part of the fault," he said.

By looking at how the rate of activity varied over a two-week tidal cycle, Van der Elst and Shelly found in their most recent study that the fault produced more low-frequency earthquakes if the tidal stress was larger than it was the day before.

It's like the fault has an earthquake budget, Van der Elst explained. "If you used them up yesterday, you don't have as many to trigger today. By actually measuring that, we get an estimate of what that stress budget is."

Essentially, scientists now have a way to measure the fault's recharge time in certain locations.
"Scientifically, it's really cool, because we don't have any other way to directly estimate that number - the rate at which stress is accumulating on the fault," Van der Elst said. "This is another study that's adding to our knowledge of how faults work in this transition."

But, he added: "We don't quite know yet what it's going to mean in the long term, whether it'll result in some sort of warning that an earthquake is coming. We're going to have to monitor it for a lot longer."

Journal reference: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Nicholas J. van der Elst et al
Fortnightly modulation of San Andreas tremor and low-frequency earthquakes
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2016). DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1524316113
---







Date: Wed, 20 Jul 2016 22:21:15 +0100
Subject: Re: "'Planet Nine' might have knocked every planet in the solar system out of alignment."


Hey that's a great thought Mark!  If there is any noticeable precession in the Sun's rotation it might give a clue as to what event or nearby mass caused the Sun's tilt.
[Because precession is mostly caused by nearby masses, especially rotating masses.]
Ray

-
Date: Wed, 20 Jul 2016 15:50:32 -0500
Subject: Re: "'Planet Nine' might have knocked every planet in the solar system out of alignment."


I wonder if the Sun's axis has any precession.  That might be an interesting number.

Thanks for this, Ray!
Mark
-
Date: Wed, 20 Jul 2016 17:52:43 +0100
Subject: "'Planet Nine' might have knocked every planet in the solar system out of alignment."


"'Planet Nine' might have knocked every planet in the solar system out of alignment."

It's worth reading (slowly) if only to clear one's head of a few misunderstandings;

First we should remember that `angular momentum' can transfer between nearby bodies, altering their relative velocities and orbits [which is happening with Earth and Moon, the Earth is losing momentum to the Moon, so the Moon is (reportedly) slightly speeding up in its orbit and thereby moving away outwards (very) slowly.

Secondly there is a major (undiscussed) mystery about the formation of the Solar system:  I.e. how did nearly _all_ (98%) of the angular momentum of the proto Sun and proto planetary Disc get transferred to the planets, mainly to Jupiter, in proportion to planets' masses.  There's no way that could happen using gravity - only a massive electro-magnetic plasma linking the Sun to the planets could have made that transfer of momentum.

Third, one planet, Venus, although orbitting in the same plane (ecliptic) as the rest, is rotating the `wrong way' albeit very slowly.  Its atmospheric and temperature conditions were unknown until recently, but have turned out to be more or less as forecast by Velikovsky - and point to the probability that Venus only got where it is quite `recently' in astronomical terms, and probably as result of violent events, maybe planetary collisions.

So, bearing all that in mind, d'you think one event could have tilted _all_ the planets' orbits by the same angle, or is it more reasonable to think that, after the system formed (and momentum transferred to the planets), *something else* happened to tilt the Sun (which by now had little angular momentum remaining to keep it `upright'.)?

Cheers
Ray D

PS - all that angular momentum (of the planets) was presumably enough to drag the errant Venus back into alignment with the ecliptic, but couldn't change its rotational speed or direction.


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3698383/Did-Planet-Nine-shove-planet-solar-alignment-Theory-claims-mystery-body-tilted-siblings.html
DailyMail - Wednesday, Jul 20th 2016 4PM
By Mark Prigg For Dailymail.Com
PUBLISHED: 00:46, 20 July 2016 | UPDATED: 02:01, 20 July 2016

A radical new theory has claimed the mysterious 'Planet Nine' might have knocked every planet in the solar system out of alignment.
Although the eight major planets circle the sun in the original plane of their birth, the sun rotates on an axis tilted 6 degrees relative to a line perpendicular to the plane of the planets.

Experts have been baffled by this - but now say Planet Nine may hold the answer.

THE SOLAR SYSTEM TILT
The eight major planets still circle the sun in the original plane of their birth.

The sun rotates on its own axis, but surprisingly, that spin is tilted: the axis lies at an angle of 6 degrees relative to a line perpendicular to the plane of the planets.

Theories for this strange tilt range from the temporary tug of a passing star to interactions between the magnetic fields of the sun and the primordial dusty disc that formed the solar system.

Earlier this year, Michael Brown and Konstantin Batygin at the California Institute of Technology in Pasadena argued that this Planet Nine could be responsible for some of the erratic movements of icy worlds in the outer solar system.

Now the idea can be extended to the orbit of all the planets, Elizabeth Bailey, also at Caltech, who did the work together with Brown and Batygin, told New Scientist.

'Because we think Planet Nine has a significant inclination, if it exists, then that means it would tilt things,' Bailey said.

'It's one puzzle piece that seems to fit together, and it really seems to be in support of the Planet Nine hypothesis.'

The planet would have between 5 and 20 times Earth's mass and be in a wildly eccentric orbit, reaching 250 times the sun-Earth distance at its farthest point.

'The six-degree obliquity of the sun suggests that either an asymmetry was present in the solar system's formation environment, or an external torque has misaligned the angular momentum vectors of the sun and the planets,' the researchers wrote in the journal arxiv.

'However, the exact origin of this obliquity remains an open question.

'Using an analytic model for secular interactions between Planet Nine and the remaining giant planets, here we show that a planet with similar parameters can naturally generate the observed obliquity as well as the specific pole position of the sun's spin axis, from a nearly aligned initial state.

'Thus, Planet Nine offers a testable explanation for the otherwise mysterious spin-orbit misalignment of the solar system.'
(more at page ...)
---







Date: Sun, 17 Jul 2016 18:33:32 +0100
Subject: Don't Pokémon and drive!


"Don't Pokémon and drive!"

Heck - the stupidity is mind-boggling!

Old and New BrainWhat folk don't realize - even some `experts' and people in authority - is that trying to engage the cerebrum (the `thinking brain' / `new brain' or grey matter) by any action demanding conscious thought (like talking on a phone or especially reading), dis-engages the cerebellum (the `unconscious brain' at back of head) which controls all our fast actions - like driving, or walking or playing table-tennis.

The result can be catastrophic, because the cerebrum's reflexes are up to ten times slower than the cerebellum's.  [So, suddenly you're driving a car too fast for you to control it.]
Cheers
Ray D


https://www.rt.com/uk/351314-pokemon-police-warning-driving/
"Don't Pokémon and drive!"  Police issue string of safety warnings over viral app
Published time: 15 Jul, 2016 16:16






Date: Sun, 10 Jul 2016 18:23:06 +0100
Subject: "Massive open-access database on human cultures created"


"Massive open-access database on human cultures created"

Interesting site - have checked the `How To' and it says: "You can search D-PLACE by geographical area, language family, cultural features, or by environmental variables", and did a trial search for "Irish" - which brought up some stuff I didn't know.
Ray


https://d-place.org/home
Massive open-access database on human cultures created

D-PLACE - the Database of Places, Language, Culture and Environment - is an expandable, open access database that brings together a dispersed body of information on the language, geography, culture and environment of more than 1,400 human societies. It comprises information mainly on pre-industrial societies that were described by ethnographers in the 19th and early 20th centuries. The team's paper on D-PLACE is published today in the journal PLOS ONE.

"Human cultural diversity is expressed in numerous ways: from the foods we eat and the houses we build, to our religious practices and political organization, to who we marry and the types of games we teach our children," said Kathryn Kirby, a postdoctoral fellow in the Departments of Ecology & Evolutionary Biology and Geography at the University of Toronto and lead author of the study. "Cultural practices vary across space and time, but the factors and processes that drive cultural change and shape patterns of diversity remain largely unknown.

"D-PLACE will enable a whole new generation of scholars to answer these long-standing questions about the forces that have shaped human cultural diversity."
---







Date: Thu, 7 Jul 2016 16:34:10 +0100
Subject: "Some coral reefs thriving, says report"


"Some coral reefs thriving, says report"

So all the hype and doom about "warming" killing coral reefs is crap!  The `Great Barrier Reef' is indeed being bleached and poisoned - by pollution from Australia's unregulated and greedy industrial, mining and farming excesses [we can see that by the huge number of cancer-riddled sea-turtles dying around Australia today].Coral Reef

Coral reefs have survived and thrived in seas much warmer and more acidic than today's - check Jurassic evidence.

Cheers
Ray D


https://www.sciencedaily.com/videos/2435145f55c8e9c2825507b4db812dff.htm
Some coral reefs thriving, says report
Date: June 28, 2016

A global report into 2,500 coral reefs involving research from scientists based in 34 universities and conservation groups shows some reefs to be in better shape than expected. The study offers conservationists a potential road map to save precious natural resources on our ocean floors.
[Video]
---







Date: Wed, 6 Jul 2016 18:18:55 +0100
Subject: "Space prang of cosmic proportions blamed for giving Mars its moons"


"Space prang of cosmic proportions blamed for giving Mars its moons"

Heck!  They're still clinging to `uniformitarianism' views of the recent history of the Solar System (over the long term Solar System planetary orbits are chaotic - but mainstream science shies away from logical conclusions).Mars Crust

A look at Mars shows lots of evidence of collision, and fairly recent at that:  the loss of atmosphere and water; the huge `scar' of the Valles Marineris (*not* a tectonic wrinkle!); the `moon-crust' difference (one hemisphere has a much thicker crust than the other) and much more.

I'm inclined to go with a Velikovsky-type interpretation of Solar System anomalies - like the Mars evidence, the total Venus evidence (rotating `wrong way', much hotter than experts' forecast (except by Velikovsky), atmospheric composition of hydrocarbons again not forecast by experts (except by Velikovsky) and much more.

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.theregister.co.uk/2016/07/06/massive_impact_fingered_for_creating_the_moons_of_mars/
Space prang of cosmic proportions blamed for giving Mars its moons
Phobos and Demos last remnants of Martian rings

6 Jul 2016 at 05:56, Iain Thomson
A new study suggests the early history of Mars was incredibly violent and the planet's two small moons are the sole surviving remnants of what was once a shimmering halo.

Mars has two moons - Phobos and Deimos (from the Greek words for fear and dread respectively) - but they are tiny, misshapen planetoids, just 22 and 13km (14 and eight miles) across. It had been thought that these were asteroids that Mars had captured but the new research suggests they are instead the survivors of a colossal collision.

The research team, composed of astronomers, computer modelers, and mathematicians, propose that between four and four and a half billion years ago Mars hit a massive protoplanet about a third of its size. The North Polar Basin, a basin in the northern hemisphere of the Red Planet, could be the remnant of the massive impact.

Using computer simulations the team from the French Le Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) think that the impact would have ejected a huge volume of the planet into orbit. This would form into a disc encircling the planet, which would have formed into as many as 10 new moons.

The inner side of the disc would have contained the densest material and the simulation suggests a single massive moon - about 10 times the diameter of Phobos - formed there. This, in turn, would have influenced smaller moons to form further out from Mars, where the debris disc is made of lighter dusts and gases.

But why wouldn't Mars get one big moon like Earth, instead of lots of little ones? Planetary scientist Sébastien Charnoz, coauthor of the paper in Nature Geoscience, said that the different rotational speeds of the two planets at the time is key to understanding how the moons formed.

"Earth took less than 4 hours to spin on its axis whereas Mars rotated very slowly over a 24-hour period," he said. As a result the Earth got one large moon moving outwards while the Martian moons that were drawn close enough fell back onto the planet.

The paper postulates that around five million years after its formation, the large moon orbiting Mars got too close to the planet and fractured, raining down as smaller chunks onto the surface. We already know that Phobos will suffer the same fate in a few million years, and is already cracking up under the strain.

Deimos, on the other hand, is far enough out that it won't fall to a rocky death. Instead it's spiraling slowly away from the Martian surface.

There's a good chance we might be able to get proof behind the theory besides computer simulations. In 2022 the Japanese space agency (JAXA) will launch the Mars Moons Exploration mission, which will take a close look at the Phobos and Deimos and bring sample of the larger moon back to Earth.

If the JAXA mission succeeds then the moons should be made up of very fine-grained particles that would have come from Mars and the impacting planet. If so, the mystery of Mars' moons could be solved.
---







Date: Sat, 2 Jul 2016 19:20:00 +0100
Subject: "Prenatal exposure to acetaminophen may increase autism"


"Paracetamol"
"Prenatal exposure to acetaminophen may increase autism"


A quick look at these two articles seems to show we've been shamefully let down by Gov't's Food & Drug watchdogs, and even more by Big Pharma & the Corporates (going by their record they've probably known much of this for years).

And I recall only the other day was reading a general `how-to' page online which said for headaches and minor pains "take paracetamol".  No Chance - even I knew better! (Years ago paracetamol was known to cause organ malfunction - leading to illness or death in many cases).
Ray D


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160701095445.htm
Prenatal exposure to acetaminophen may increase autism spectrum and hyperactivity symptoms in children
Date: July 1, 2016 | Source: Oxford University Press (OUP)
Summary:
A new study has found that paracetamol (acetaminophen), which is used extensively during pregnancy, has a strong association with autism spectrum symptoms in boys and for both genders in relation to attention-related and hyperactivity symptoms.
Comparing persistently to nonexposed children, the study has found an increase of 30 per cent in the risk of detriment to some attention functions, and an increase of two clinical symptoms of autism spectrum symptoms in boys.

The findings were published this week in the International Journal of Epidemiology. This is the first study of its kind to report an independent association between the use of this drug in pregnancy and autism spectrum symptoms in children. It is also the first study to report different effects on boys and girls. Comparing persistently to nonexposed children, the study has found an increase of 30 per cent in the risk of detriment to some attention functions, and an increase of two clinical symptoms of autism spectrum symptoms in boys.
(more at page ..)
---
https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160701093942.htm
A host of common chemicals endanger child brain development
Date: July 1, 2016 | Source: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
Summary:
In a new report, dozens of scientists, health practitioners and children's health advocates are calling for renewed attention to the growing evidence that many common and widely available chemicals endanger neurodevelopment in fetuses and children of all ages. Toxic List

The chemicals that are of most concern include lead and mercury; organophosphate pesticides used in agriculture and home gardens; phthalates, found in pharmaceuticals, plastics and personal care products; flame retardants known as polybrominated diphenyl ethers; and air pollutants produced by the combustion of wood and fossil fuels, said University of Illinois comparative biosciences professor Susan Schantz, one of dozens of individual signatories to the consensus statement.

Polychlorinated biphenyls, once used as coolants and lubricants in transformers and other electrical equipment, also are of concern. PCBs were banned in the U.S. in 1977, but can persist in the environment for decades, she said.
The new report, "Project TENDR: Targeting Environmental NeuroDevelopment Risks," appears in the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
(more at page ...)
---







Date: Sat, 2 Jul 2016 17:49:56 +0100
Subject: "The relentless dynamism of the adult brain"


"The relentless dynamism of the adult brain"

Right, remember many times reading that "we don't get any new brain cells (neurons) - they only die off".  Seems that, along with much other science text-book dogma, is rubbish.
Ray D


https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2016/07/160701120520.htm
The relentless dynamism of the adult brain
Date: July 1, 2016

Scientists from the Institut Pasteur and the CNRS were able to make real-time observations over a period of several months that reveal how new adult-born neurons are formed and evolve in the olfactory bulb of mice. They made the surprising discovery that there is constant structural plasticity in the connections established by these new neurons with the circuits into which they are recruited. The scientists showed that this neuronal dynamism can enable optimal processing of sensory information by the olfactory bulb. These findings are to be published in the journal Neuron on June 30, 2016.

Although most neurons are generated during embryogenesis, some regions of the brain, such as the olfactory bulb in rodents and the hippocampus in humans, are capable of constantly regenerating their neurons in adulthood. Scientists first conclusively discovered these new adult neurons around 15 years ago, but their function remained a mystery, mainly because they are inaccessible in living animals.
...
"Our findings suggest that the plasticity of this constantly regenerating region of the brain occurs with continuous physical formation and elimination of synaptic connections. This structural plasticity reveals a unique dynamic mechanism that is vital for the regeneration and integration of new neurons within the adult brain circuit," concluded the scientists. More generally, this study suggests a universal plasticity mechanism in brain regions that are closely associated with memory and learning.

Journal Reference:
Kurt A. Sailor, Matthew T. Valley, Martin T. Wiechert, Gerald J. Sun, Wayne Adams, James C. Dennis, Shirin Sharafi, Hermann Riecke, Guo-Li Ming, Hongjun Song, and Pierre-Marie Lledo.
Persistent structural plasticity optimizes sensory information processing in the olfactory bulb. Neuron, 2016 DOI: 10.1016/j.neuron.2016.06.004
---







Date: Tue, 28 Jun 2016 11:42:44 +0100
Subject: "Oxygen finding strengthens case that Mars was once habitable"


"Oxygen finding strengthens case that Mars was once habitable"

Yup, this is just the latest evidence supporting the idea that Mars was once a habitable, oxygen-rich and `safe' planetary moon.  I.e. it was within the magnetic `shield' of a larger planet (likely a gas-giant - maybe Saturn, Jupiter etc.).

Another physical confirmation of the moon hypothesis is the fact that one hemisphere of Mars has a much thicker crust than the opposite hemisphere.  That phenomenon is only seen in captive, tide-locked moons - and is true of our own Moon. (Check the NASA `X-ray" cross-section picture of Mars on the overview page below)

So Tom Van Flandern's paper on the probable history of Mars - see van-flandern-mars.txt - is backed up even more.

Have collected an overview of most of the evidence and background here:  mars.html,  mainly because no-one else (except Tom) was doing it, and secondly because Tom was already ill and I feared the worst.  Now it seems that Tom's large MetaResearch website - http://www.metaresearch.org/ - has finally been taken down - am hoping it's been archived by archive-org (WayBack Machine).

Ray D


https://spaceflightnow.com/2016/06/27/oxygen-finding-strengthens-case-that-mars-was-once-habitable/
June 27, 2016 Stephen Clark
Oxygen finding strengthens case that Mars was once habitable

Geologists scrutinizing data from Curiosity's ChemCam instrument, which takes remote measurements of rocks with a laser, discovered the manganese oxides in mineral veins, or cracks, embedded in sandstones at a research site named `Windjana' the rover visited in 2014.

Windjana is one of many geological sites studied by Curiosity since its landing in Gale Crater in August 2012.

Researchers already believed the vein-like features come from minerals left behind by water, and the presence of manganese oxides - chemicals that must have formed in an oxygen-rich atmosphere - seemingly ties the ancient wet environment to a time billions of years ago when more oxygen was in the air.

"The only ways on Earth that we know how to make these manganese materials involve atmospheric oxygen or microbes," said Nina Lanza, a planetary scientist at Los Alamos National Laboratory in New Mexico, which led development of Curiosity's ChemCam instrument. "Now we're seeing manganese oxides on Mars, and we're wondering how the heck these could have formed?"

The atmospheric oxygen explanation for the manganese oxides is more plausible than a biological origin, scientists said in an announcement Monday accompanying the finding's publication in the journal Geophysical Research Papers.

"These high manganese materials can't form without lots of liquid water and strongly oxidizing conditions," Lanza said in a statement issued by the the Los Alamos National Laboratory. "Here on Earth, we had lots of water but no widespread deposits of manganese oxides until after the oxygen levels in our atmosphere rose due to photosynthesizing microbes."

Scientists are still struggling to explain how the atmosphere of ancient Mars may have been enriched with oxygen, but one theory is it came from the water on the planet's surface, NASA said in a press release.

"One potential way that oxygen could have gotten into the Martian atmosphere is from the breakdown of water when Mars was losing its magnetic field," said Lanza, the lead author of a paper outlining the results in Geophysical Research Letters. "It's thought that at this time in Mars' history, water was much more abundant."

As the Martian magnetic field eroded, cosmic and solar radiation penetrated to the planet's surface, destroying water molecules and splitting them into hydrogen and oxygen. The lighter hydrogen atoms escaped into space, but the heavier oxygen atoms were trapped by Mars' gravity, becoming embedded in rocks, scientists said.

That is what gives Mars its characteristic rust color. But manganese oxides need more oxygen to form than the widespread red iron oxides.

In a joint statement released by NASA and LANL, Lanza added that it is hard to determine exactly how the Martian atmosphere might have got its oxygen.

"But it's important to note that this idea represents a departure in our understanding for how planetary atmospheres might become oxygenated," Lanza said.

"Abundant atmospheric oxygen has been treated as a so-called biosignature, or a sign of extant life, but this process does not require life," the joint statement said.

The manganese deposits are not limited to the Curiosity rover's exploration zone in Gale Crater. NASA's long-lived Opportunity rover recently discovered similar material in Meridiani Planum on the other side of Mars.
---







Date: Mon, 27 Jun 2016 19:02:27 +0100
Subject: "Anti-anxiety medication limits empathetic behavior in rats"


"Anti-anxiety medication limits empathetic behavior in rats"

Suppose this might partly explain why most/all recent mass shootings were committed by folk on sedative or anti-psychosis drugs (quite apart from their FBI / MI5 indoctrination?).
Cheers
Ray D


http://www.neuroscientistnews.com/research-news/anti-anxiety-medication-limits-empathetic-behavior-rats
Anti-anxiety medication limits empathetic behavior in rats - June 27, 2016 | by Editor
Study confirms previous research showing that rats display empathy when freeing trapped companions -

Rats given midazolam, an anti-anxiety medication, were less likely to free trapped companions because the drug lessened their empathy, according to a new study by University of Chicago neuroscientists.

The research, published in the journal Frontiers in Psychology, validates studies that show rats are emotionally motivated to help other rats in distress. In the latest study, rats treated with midazolam did not open the door to a restrainer device containing a trapped rat, although control rats routinely freed their trapped companions. Midazolam did not interfere with the rats' physical ability to open the restrainer door, however. In fact, when the restrainer device contained chocolate instead of a trapped rat, the test rats routinely opened the door. The findings show that the act of helping others depends on emotional reactions, which are dampened by the anti-anxiety medication.

"The rats help each other because they care," said Peggy Mason, PhD, professor of neurobiology at the University of Chicago. "They need to share the affect of the trapped rat in order to help, and that's a fundamental finding that tells us something about how we operate, because we're mammals like rats too."

The experiments utilize a rat-helping test originally established in a 2011 study published in Science by Mason, Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal, PhD, a post-doctoral scholar now at the University of California, Berkeley, and Jean Decety, PhD, Irving B. Harris Professor of Psychology and Psychiatry at the University of Chicago. In those early experiments, the team placed two rats that normally shared a cage into a special test arena. One rat was held in a restrainer--a closed tube with a door that can be nudged open only from the outside. The second rat roamed free in the cage around the restrainer, able to see and hear the trapped cage mate.

In the previous study, the free rats quickly learned to release their trapped cage mates, seen as a sign of empathy for their companions in distress. In the latest research, rats injected with midazolam did not free a companion rat trapped inside a restrainer. Yet rats injected with midazolam did open the same restrainer when that restrainer contained chocolate chips.

Stress, like what happens after seeing and hearing a trapped companion, triggers the adrenal gland and sympathetic nervous system and causes physical symptoms such as increased heart rate and high blood pressure. To test if the rats' helping behavior was driven by these physical changes, Mason and her team conducted a separate series of experiments by giving the rats nadolol, a beta-blocker similar to those used to treat high blood pressure. Nadolol prevents the pounding heart and other bodily signs of a stress response. Rats given nadolol were just as likely to help their companions as those injected with saline or nothing at all.

"What that tells you is that they don't have to be physiologically, peripherally aroused in order to help. They just have to care inside their brain," Mason said.

Mason's team also created a statistical model to find out if helping other rats was a rewarding, behavior for the animals that became reinforced over time, or if they simply became more comfortable with the testing environment and improved their ability to open the restrainer. Using data collected from the rats' behavior during the experiments, Haozhe Shan, an undergraduate student at UChicago, calculated the probability that each rat would free a companion in each testing session. He then projected these probabilities over 10,000 simulated attempts while keeping each trial independent, meaning that if a rat opened the restraint one day it was no more likely to open on the next day.

When Shan compared the simulated data to those from the experiments, he saw that the untreated rats performed better than the simulations predicted. If they freed a companion one day, the probability that they would do so again the next day increased, meaning the behavior was being reinforced. Meanwhile, rats given midazolam were no more likely to free a companion one day to the next, even if they did so on a previous day.

"We take that as a sign that the rats given midazolam don't find the outcome rewarding, presumably because they didn't find it a troubling situation in the first place," Shan said.

Mason and her team also tested levels of corticosterone, a stress hormone, in the rats when first exposed to the trapped cage mate and compared them to their later behavior. Those with low- to mid-level responses were most likely to free their companions later. They found that those with the highest levels of corticosterone, or those that were under the most stress from the situation, were the least likely to help their cage mates. This fits well with findings in humans suggesting that eventually high stress becomes immobilizing rather than motivating.

Mason said that this research further confirms the previous research that rats, and by extension other mammals--including humans--are motivated by empathy and find the act of helping others gratifying.

"Helping others could be your new drug. Go help some people and you'll feel really good," she said. "I think that's a mammalian trait that has developed through evolution. Helping another is good for the species."

University of Chicago Medical Center Original reporting by: Matt Wood
Publication
Inbal Ben-Ami Bartal et al.
Anxiolytic Treatment Impairs Helping Behavior in Rats.
Frontiers in Psychology, Published June 8 2016. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2016.00850
---







Date: Fri, 24 Jun 2016 09:38:58 +0100
Subject: "Some genes turn on after the body's demise"


"Some genes turn on after the body's demise"

Heck - this goes against the holy tenets of Darwinism (which these days is called neo-Darwinism).

Neo-Darwinism allows two actions only:  random mutation of genes - followed by - natural selection picking out any advantageous physical result.  Anything else is heresy!

Therefore, the genes of the general population should only operate to serve the interests of physical (living) bodies - so as to ensure reproduction of the bodies (and the reproduction of those genes).

But here we have genes `turning on' (and presumably doing stuff) way after the physical body has died (and so is unable to reproduce).

Or is it?   Maybe those zombie myths have some basis after all?

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.independent.co.uk/news/science/genes-life-death-jaw-dropping-a7097656.html
Ian Johnston Science Correspondent 2 hours ago

Is there life after death? Some genes turn on after the body's demise, study finds
Scientists hail 'jaw-dropping' discovery about what happens to genes after death

`Is there life after death?' is a question that has dominated human thinking since time immemorial.

But now researchers have discovered that an animal's genes can `live' on for up to four days after its body has died, Science Magazine reported.

And some genes, including ones that help to create an embryo and others associated with cancer, even turned on or became more active after death.

The research could potentially help reduce the increased risk of getting cancer after transplant and also help forensic scientists work out when a murder victim was killed.

One of the scientists, Professor Peter Noble, of Washington University in Seattle, told Science Magazine that the study was `an experiment of curiosity to see what happens when you die'.

"We can probably get a lot of information about life by studying death," he added.

The researchers studied what happened to more than 1,000 genes in mice and zebrafish after they died.

Changes in their genes were recorded for up to four days after death in the zebrafish and for two days in the mice.

"We initially thought that sudden death of a vertebrate would be analogous to a car driving down a highway and running out of gas. For a short time, engine pistons will move up and down and spark plugs will spark -- but eventually the car will grind to a halt and `die'," the researchers wrote in an article on the bioRxiv website.

"Yet, in our study we find hundreds of genes are upregulated many hours postmortem, with some upregulated days after organismal death.

"This finding is surprising because in our car analogy, one would not expect window wipers to suddenly turn on and the horn to honk several days after running out of gas.

"Since the postmortem upregulation of genes occurred in both the zebrafish and the mouse in our study, it is reasonable to suggest that other multicellular eukaryotes [forms of life] will display a similar phenomenon." Some of the genes were involved in stimulating the immune system or dealing with stress, but others were developmental genes involved in the creation of the embryo that had been dormant since birth.

"What's jaw-dropping is that developmental genes are turned on after death," Professor Noble said.

The research could also provide `insights into how to better preserve organs retrieved for transplantation', the researchers said in the bioRxiv article.

In a separate paper, the researchers outlined how their work might be of use to forensics and police officers investigating murders.

"Many biological, chemical, and physical indicators can be used to determine the postmortem interval - but most are not accurate," they wrote.

They said they had found that changes to genes could be used to `accurately predict post-mortem time in cadavers'.
---







Date: Mon, 20 Jun 2016 17:46:54 +0100
Subject: Could the decline in SMOKING be behind rise in Parkinson's?


"Could the decline in SMOKING be behind rise in Parkinson's?"

Yup, think there's been a `politically correct' campaign of suppression of sci-truth for some decades.  Recall a brave female (UK) doctor who tried to publish some years ago - think she was jumped on and silenced - some details at ansci902.html#nico.

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/health/article-3650627/Could-decline-SMOKING-rise-Parkinson-s.html
By KATE PICKLES FOR MAILONLINE - PUBLISHED: 16:00, 20 June 2016 | UPDATED: 17:12, 20 June 2016
Could the decline in SMOKING be behind rise in Parkinson's? Scientists believe nicotine in tobacco 'may protect the brain' (but doctors say you still shouldn't spark up)

A new study by researchers in Minnesota has suggested anti-smoking campaigns from the late 40s and 50s could be behind increased prevalence of Parkinson's disease decades later.

Other factors such as better awareness of the symptoms and increased access to care may also be behind the rise, experts cautioned.
Anti-smoking campaigns from the late 40s and 50s could be behind increased prevalence of Parkinson's disease decades later, a new study suggests

Nevertheless, with smoking one of the leading causes of death around the globe, health professionals would never recommend the use of tobacco.
Parkinson's disease is a progressive degeneration of the nervous system, which can cause symptoms including involuntary tremors and stiffness as well as psychological problems like depression.
It also looked at patients with parkinsonism, a more general term referring to a group of neurological disorders that causing similar movement problems - with Muhammad Ali one of the most famous sufferers before his death earlier this month.

Dr Walter Rocca of the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, studied trends for both diseases in a county between 1976 to 2005.
...
A study published in May 2015 in the American Journal of Epidemiology reported people with a history of smoking had a 45 per cent lower risk of developing Parkinson's.
A large National Institutes of Health study in 2010 published in the journal Neurology, found current smokers had a 44 per cent lower risk of the neurological condition than those who had never smoked.
The latest study was published by JAMA Neurology.
---







Date: Mon, 20 Jun 2016 17:19:23 +0100
Subject: Prehistoric asteroid struck Earth with such force that it wiped out nearly 93 percent of mammal species along with dinosaurs


Prehistoric asteroid struck Earth with such force that it wiped out nearly 93 percent of mammal species along with dinosaurs

Interesting - and a bit alarming because we now know - or can estimate - the odds of a recurrence: fairly high.Extinctions

In fact am inclined to think many or most strong geological `horizons' were caused by catastrophes of that kind, as seems to be indicated by the many `mass extinctions' which look to be synchronized with those `horizons'.

Seems we're still learning that Velikovsky was RIGHT (almost all of his predictions were confirmed within ten years or so), while his detractors - all of Big Science's luminaries of the day who defamed Velikovsky (because they couldn't face his facts) and repeatedly lied, in print and `in court' - were WRONG.

Even Shapley and Sagan behaved like unscientific thuggish scum, descending to blackmail and lies.  Maybe check in-site search `Velikovsky' for grubby details.

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.ibtimes.com.au/prehistoric-asteroid-struck-earth-such-force-it-wiped-out-nearly-93-percent-mammal-species-along
Prehistoric asteroid struck Earth with such force that it wiped out nearly 93 percent of mammal species along with dinosaurs
By Ritwik Roy @ritwikroy1985 on June 20 2016 5:42 PM

New research has revealed that a prehistoric asteroid nearly wiped out all mammals along with dinosaurs. New data received has also revealed that the extinction was far more catastrophic that previously believed. The prehistoric asteroid struck Earth with such force that about 93 percent of mammal species became extinct. The asteroid hit took place more than 66 million years ago in the Cretaceous period.

Scientists from the University of Bath examined fossil records and found out that the asteroid's impact was catastrophic. Past estimates showed the impact to be less severe as the rarer species that were killed off left behind smaller fossil records. According to Dr. Nick Longrich from University of Bath, the rare species are the most vulnerable to extinction. The fossil record is biased in favour of species that survived. The study was published in the Journal of Evolutionary Biology.

However, the scientists also found something really striking. They found that the asteroid's catastrophic effect on life on Earth was quickly mitigated by species recovering rapidly. In 300,000 years, the number of species on Earth doubled compared to the number that existed before the mass extinction.

"Because mammals did so well after the extinction, we have tended to assume that it didn't hit them as hard. However our analysis shows that the mammals were hit harder than most groups of animals, such as lizards, turtles, crocodilians, but they proved to be far more adaptable in the aftermath. It wasn't low extinction rates, but the ability to recover and adapt in the aftermath that led the mammals to take over," Longrich said in a statement.

Surprisingly, after the extinction event, "there was an explosion of diversity. This was mainly driven by different evolutionary experiments occurring simultaneously in various locations of the world. The recovery from mass extinction occurred differently in different parts of the continent. With so many species evolving in various parts of the planet, "evolution was more likely to stumble across new evolutionary paths."
---







Date: Mon, 20 Jun 2016 09:53:05 +0100
Subject: Start the Week - A Theory of Everything?


Start the Week - A Theory of Everything?

Interesting chat from a good bunch, although both Penrose and du Sautoy come from mathematical backgrounds, with the seemingly permanent mathematician's conviction that mathematical equations always describe `real things' somewhere or other in the universe.

I'm more inclined to think that while mathematics undoubtedly _does_ describe a lot of real processes (like the Laws of Motion for instance), a lot of equations could be describing totally non-existent processes, i.e. processes which have ceased, or have not yet come into being, or are just not possible in our universe.

Have followed Penrose's thoughts over last decade or so (he began hopefully and strongly, although with that mathematical bias) but he seems to have regressed, in frustration maybe, to a sort-of cyclical universe view:  i.e. "big bang" - "big crunch" and so on forever.  That's disappointing, to me it seems a retreat to a semi-mystical stance which can't forecast anything and can't be tested.

I.e.- that means it's NOT scientific (according to Popper).
Cheers
Ray D


http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07gf4rw
A Theory of Everything?
Start the Week - 43 minutes

On Start the Week Tom Sutcliffe asks if one day we might know everything.

The mathematician Marcus du Sautoy and the physicist Roger Penrose explore the far reaches of knowledge, questioning whether certain fields of research will always lie beyond human comprehension. They ask how much fashion and faith shape scientific theories.

The experimental physicist Suzie Sheehy attempts to build machines to test the latest theories, while Joanna Kavenna plays with a philosophical Theory of Everything in her latest novel A Field Guide to Reality.
---







Date: June 2016 - Letter to Richard Milton (emailed via website `form-mail')

Hello Richard
I recently bought a couple of your books and have just finished the first - `Shattering the Myths of Darwinism' - thanks a lot for that, although I'll probably have to re-read it a few times before fully appreciating it.

However was struck by your comment on why/how Darwinism survives:  "because it appears to be the only reasonable theory available" (p. 274).

That rang a bell, as did the book's mention (p. 212) of the Cairns and Hall experiments which appear to show _directed_ mutation.  I'd heard of those results some years ago and probably filed them away in back of my mind.

So, a while later, when reading Penrose's `Emperors New Mind' and finding these words:

"To my way of thinking, there is still something mysterious about evolution, with its apparent 'groping' towards some future purpose.  Things at least seem to organize themselves somewhat better than they 'ought' to, just on the basis of blind-chance evolution and natural selection.  It may well be that such appearances are quite deceptive.  There seems to be something about the way that the laws of physics work which allows natural selection to be a much more effective process than it would be with just arbitrary laws.  The resulting apparently 'intelligent groping' is an interesting issue, and I shall be returning to it briefly later."
The second reference is to a quantum aspect of a similar problem.  You can see both at creation.html#li-odds
(NO - the URL doesn't mean I have `creationist' tendencies or even sympathies.)


- I filed them away also, and in the same place.

Those crude impressions probably led to my later speculations (in thefly.html - which is imputing more _directed_ mutation or gene-shuffling by the common ancestor of arthropods, vertebrates and mollusks), immediately prompted by reading `Brotherhood by Inversion' (or `As the Worm Turns') by Stephen Jay Gould.

As you might realize, all this leads to the implication that evolution is directed and led by "will".  No, not from `above' (creationism) or even from `outside' (intelligent design) but arising from the organism itself, which needs (or `wants') to improve or extend its physical abilities.  If so it might be provable by suitable experiments.

Which would remove `random mutation' from Darwinism, leaving only the tautology of `natural selection'.

I hope these speculations are in line with your own thinking.

Regards
Ray Dickenson







Date: Sat, 18 Jun 2016 07:39:07 +0100
Subject: Ha! "Full moon before summer solstice could trigger 'total insanity and hallucinations'"


Ha!  "Full moon before summer solstice could trigger 'total insanity and hallucinations'"

Well, I think a lunar effect _is_ there but at a fairly low level.  (Many millennia ago the Moon was much closer and the effect was probably more noticeable - and so has survived in folk-lore).

These days the New Moon seems to make some folk a bit depressed and some maybe dangerous, while Full Moon might make folk slightly more high-spirited.  (Physiological effects also exist - some concerning digestion, alcohol etc.).

BTW - even so was prompted by curiosity to check some "mass shootings" dates  (at fertility.html#neg + links)  and they _did_ seem to cluster around New Moon periods (gloomy times?).

Cheers
Ray D

PS - had already posted usual Moon (+ solstice) info early this a.m. at updates.html


http://www.dailymail.co.uk/~/Full-moon-summer-solstice-trigger-total-insanity-hallucinations-claims-astrologer-bizarre-rant.html
Full moon before summer solstice could trigger 'total insanity and hallucinations', claims astrologer in bizarre rant
Astrologer makes claims in rambling YouTube video about astrology
...
Historical evidence suggests we are probably safe. The full moon coincided with a summer solstice in 1921, 1959, 1978 and 1997 - and the world did not end in those years.
That hasn't stopped Timothy Halloran ranting in a 40 minute video posted today about how the impending full moon on Monday 20 June, could bring with it chaos.
During the rambling monologue on his YouTube channel Rasa Lila Healing, Mr Halloran describes how `Neptune is about to turn retrograde' - yes, afraid it's true - which is indicative of `change' and `endings'.
He claims that 2016 is `the year of adjustment, of purification, of rectification' before touching on how the alignment of the planets will affect important issues such as the US presidential race.
Mr Halloran, who is based in Savannah, Georgia, said: `This is what is majorly going on in this full moon in [Sagittarius], is the ripping away of veils, the taking down of illusions, of distractions.'
---







Date: Sat, 18 Jun 2016 06:49:08 +0100
Subject: Then and Now - `Antarctic Cold Reversal'


Then and Now - `Antarctic Cold Reversal'

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antarctic_Cold_Reversal
"Antarctic Cold Reversal: in c. 14,500 BP,[4] which lasted for two millennia - an instance of warming causing cooling.[5] The ACR brought an average cooling of perhaps 3 °C. The Younger Dryas cooling, in the Northern Hemisphere, began while the Antarctic Cold Reversal was still on-going, and the ACR ended in the midst of the Younger Dryas.[6]

This pattern of climate decoupling between the Northern and Southern Hemispheres and of "southern lead, northern lag" would manifest in subsequent climate events."

-

Well well, seems nobody's connected the dots here - look (in latest NASA news below) at this on-going `decoupling' between Antarctic and Artic icecover, one growing the other shrinking.

Is it trying to tell us something?
Ray D


-
https://www.nasa.gov/content/goddard/antarctic-sea-ice-reaches-new-record-maximum
"Sea ice surrounding Antarctica reached a new record high extent this year, covering more of the southern oceans than it has since scientists began a long-term satellite record to map sea ice extent in the late 1970s. The upward trend in the Antarctic, however, is only about a third of the magnitude of the rapid loss of sea ice in the Arctic Ocean."

---






Date: Thu, 16 Jun 2016 09:02:15 +0100
Subject: In Our Time | The Bronze Age Collapse


In Our Time | The Bronze Age Collapse

Sounds interesting, yet folk don't realize there's been more than one mysterious `collapse' - maybe world -wide.

Maybe see a bit of detective work, incidentally correcting a BBC scare-story about `human-caused destruction' (in 2,200 BCE Spain) which NEVER happened - story unfolds from normreal.html#egypt2 and on down to bottom of page.
Cheers
Ray D

http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b07fl5bh
The Bronze Age Collapse | In Our Time | 43 minutes
Melvyn Bragg and guests discuss The Bronze Age Collapse, the name given by many historians to what appears to have been a sudden, uncontrolled destruction of dominant civilizations around 1200 BC in the Aegean, Eastern Mediterranean and Anatolia.

Among other areas, there were great changes in Minoan Crete, Egypt, the Hittite Empire, Mycenaean Greece and Syria.
The reasons for the changes, and the extent of those changes, are open to debate and include droughts, rebellions, the breakdown of trade as copper became less desirable, earthquakes, invasions, volcanoes and the mysterious Sea Peoples.

With
John Bennet
Director of the British School at Athens and Professor of Aegean Archaeology at the University of Sheffield
Linda Hulin
Fellow of Harris Manchester College and Research Officer at the Oxford Centre for Maritime Archaeology at the University of Oxford
And
Simon Stoddart
Fellow of Magdalene College and Reader in Prehistory at the University of Cambridge
---
See all episodes of `In Our Time' http://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b006qykl/episodes/player







Date: Thu, 9 Jun 2016 02:40:27 +0100
Subject: "[Phone] talking while driving is incredibly dangerous"


"[Phone] talking while driving is incredibly dangerous"

Heck!  Any competent scientist could've told them this twenty years ago.  That's when I first mailed BBC's Peter Allen - who'd questioned the link between phones and accidents - to tell him about the cerebrum (area of brain where we do our `slow thinking') and the cerebellum (area of brain in charge of `fast actions' - like driving, table tennis etc.).

As I told him (in early 90's):
"When driving, forcing use of cerebrum for phone conversations is inviting disaster.  Attention is distracted, and, much more important - reaction-time slows by a factor of maybe ten times, or more".

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.independent.co.uk/life-style/gadgets-and-tech/news/talking-while-driving-is-incredibly-dangerous-even-when-using-hands-free-new-study-finds-a7070486.html
Andrew Griffin - 15 hours ago
[Phone] Talking while driving is incredibly dangerous, even when using hands-free, new study finds
It is the experience of having a voice engaging people in conversation that makes them worse drivers, rather than holding or using the phone

Talking on the phone in the car is hugely dangerous even if you're on hands-free, according to a new study.

All phones should be banned from cars, whether or not they are actually being held by the person using them, the new research suggests.

It is having a voice engage people in conversation that makes people react badly to hazards, the research has found, rather than the actual act of using the phone
...
Unlike phone conversations, radio broadcasts were not interactive, and passengers were sensitive to driving conditions.
...
"Chatty passengers tend to pose less of a risk than mobile phone conversations," said Dr Hole. "They will usually moderate the conversation when road hazards arise.

"Someone on the other end of a phone is oblivious to the other demands on the driver and so keeps talking."
(more at page ...)
---







Date: Thu, 9 Jun 2016 01:29:37 +0100
Subject: "Scientists aren't gods. They deserve the same scrutiny as anyone else"


"Scientists aren't gods. They deserve the same scrutiny as anyone else"

Ha!  Simon (below) sounds shocked by the deceptions of greedy and fashion-conscious `scientists'.  Well, he's a bit slow off the mark - many of us have grown increasingly skeptical of Big Science for a decade or more.

As an intro to the whole subject, I was lucky enough to find and read James P Hogan's `Kicking the Sacred Cow' quite a while ago - in which he covered a wide range of controversies in the hard sciences, and believe me, the `scientists' do not come out of his investigations (fair and unbiased as he is) smelling of roses, or of anything else but horsesh*t!

And now have gotten hold of a book by another critical engineer who knows enough to enquire into a mess of science corruption - the conspiracy among a dozen or more sci-disciplines to fool the public, hiding evidence (of archeological dating etc. amongst many other things), just to convince everyone of things which are blatantly untrue.

First and foremost of those untrue things is Darwinian Evolution!  All the rest is part of the conspiracy to keep us ignorant of that inconvenient truth.

The book is `Shattering the Myths of Darwinism' by Richard Milton - a great read and another shock to the average believer in Big-Science.

Both Hogan and Milton have come to the reluctant realization that when scientists get it wrong they DO NOT own up and start over; no, usually they lie and lie again to keep folk unaware.
Because they can.

Cheers
Ray D


http://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2016/jun/08/scientists-not-gods-scrutiny-healthy-eating-cancer-murky-politics-commerce
Scientists aren't gods. They deserve the same scrutiny as anyone else - Simon Jenkins

I am not obese or dying of cancer. Nor am I a hypochondriac. But not a day passes without my absorbing news of imminent salvation or disaster from some branch of science.
...
Again this week I was told by the government to get rid of the diesel car I had bought some years ago, also on government scientific advice. I should switch back to petrol after all. This is serious money. Which scientist ordered the switch to diesel and which is now ordering the reverse? What is going on?
...
I am still baffled at the £6bn spent at the bidding of veterinary scientists on the 2001 foot and mouth epidemic - public money spent not to guard public safety but to rescue the profits of the beef industry.

Nor am I aware of any inquiry into the periodic `false pandemics' of Sars, bird flu and swine flu, which, as the Council of Europe charged in 2010, were panics generated "ostensibly under the influence of the pharmaceutical industry".

In 2003, 2005 and 2009 Whitehall scientists variously predicted 50,000 to 750,000 deaths, which scared ministers into spending £500m on Roche's Tamiflu, whose clinical trials were not disclosed.
(more at page ...)
---







Date: Wed, 8 Jun 2016 20:24:56 +0100
Subject: FWD - I.Q. of the Human Race?


I.Q. of the Human Race?
Can you rate the I.Q. of the Human Race? Or even of one person - accurately?


Have had to research I.Q testing and its problems, due to questions by readers and group members.

IQ testing is more fraught than most folk think;  at worst one could say `it's all smoke and mirrors' and even at best it's riddled with undiscussed uncertainties.  Summing up, there is NO single figure that captures the `amount' of intelligence a person has at any one time.

The primitive definition of IQ comes from the "quotient" bit.  Theoretically, to derive "IQ" you find the mental age of a person and divide that by the physical age.  [It's really only designed to work for `children' - i.e. for ages of folk in basic or secondary education.]
So a twenty-year old with a mental age age of 10 has an IQ of 50 (%), whereas a twenty year old with a mental age of thirty has an IQ of 150 (%).

But it really depends on what you are testing for.  Here's some IQ uncertainties, as described by Andre Spicer:
"Having a high IQ score does not mean that someone is intelligent. IQ tests only capture analytical intelligence; this is the ability to notice patterns and solve analytical problems.
Most standard IQ tests miss out two other aspects of human intelligence:  creative and practical intelligence.  Creative intelligence is our ability to deal with novel situations.  Practical intelligence is our ability to get things done.
For the first 20 years of life, people are rewarded for their analytical intelligence. Then we wonder why the `best and brightest' are uncreative and practically useless."
-
from `The Guardian', Monday 6 June 2016 (scroll)

Because of that "quotient" bit, it's not really meaningful to talk of the I.Q. of large groups (i.e. `nations' etc.), but clearly we _can_ meaningfully check various aspects of applied intelligence in those groups - in the archeological and historical record and even in the present.

That was the basis of our discussions;  first on `ascendancies' throughout history and up to the present; then on current changes in actual IQ levels in recent modern populations - firstly `upward' in the West; then `downwards' in fundamentalist countries and groups - all explicable by changes in mating habits within those groups.

Sadly the spread of `fundamentalist' attitudes seems to be forcing intelligence levels down, even in the West (apparently mostly due to immigrants' lower IQs - scroll).

Cheers
Ray D







Date: Mon, 6 Jun 2016 14:02:06 +0100
Subject: "Wisconsin bees dying due to insecticides, global warming and a mite, experts say


Wisconsin bees dying due to insecticides, global warming and a mite, experts say

Don't know about the `warming' bit (we've had a medium winter) but a local provider of good Welsh honey reported that he lost _all_ his bees recently - maybe he'll restock.  Hope so.
Ray


http://perfscience.com/content/2144132-wisconsin-bees-dying-due-insecticides-global-warming-and-mite-experts-say
Wisconsin bees dying due to insecticides, global warming and a mite, experts say
Submitted by Luis Georg on Mon, 06/06/2016 - 10:48
(more ...)
---







[ Google ]


Perceptions MAIL

can we

take off the blindfolds?


WEB-MASTERS
Visit W3Schools
NEW PAGE TIPS
Help build the largest human-edited directory on the web.
Submit a Site - Open Directory Project - Become an Editor



happy?

struggling editor ?

`Perceptions'

HOME


broken link? - please tell
mail Perceptions


Copyright © 2012 Ray Dickenson

this page
http://www.perceptions.couk.com/uef/ansci913.html



PRIVACY POLICY

Map IP Address



Share This

FACEBOOK TWITTER GOOGLE+ TUMBLR PINTEREST REDDIT EMAIL