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Copyright © 2012 Ray Dickenson
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The Great Goddess

Artemis, Ashtoreth, Astarte, Atargatis, Athirat, Azzanathcona, Ceres, Cybele, Dana / Danann, Demeter, Easter, Eostre, Innana, Ishtar, Isis, Lilith
and many later cognomens

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
`Amazons' and `Gorgons'
Aegean, Mediterranean, N Africa


Chieftain Goddess

Chieftain / Warrior Goddess

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
`Tuatha Dé Danann'
Western Europe, Ireland, Orkney


Maiden Goddess

Maiden Goddess

Mother Goddess

Mother Goddess


From earliest times - 9,000 to 10,000 years ago - images of `The Goddess' as Maiden, Chieftain or Mother were shown flanked by `royal' leopards, panthers or lions, as seen in the above relics from the eastern Mediterranean & Black Sea area; i.e. Syria, Crete, and Anatolia.

She also ruled over plant & animal life & breeding and so is often shown with foliage & lambs / goats etc.
Some early images seem to show `sacred' Twins (male) at one side, sometimes beside a column or upright beam.


Wild `sacred' animals belonged to the Goddess;  these were birds (owls and eagles), snakes, and bulls (often represented by the `votive horns' seen above-center).  Some of these animals were retained in her later incarnations - below.


The Great Goddess, in different countries and later epochs

[MOUSE-OVER for DESCRIPTION]
The Goddess as Astarte of Phoenicia holding serpents - Elohim, Goddess of Animals           The Goddess as Cybele/Artemis of Izmir, Turkey           The Goddess in Phrygia, Anatolia           The Goddess in Minoan Crete           The Goddess at Babylon



Minoan Mountain Goddess + Lions, with Votive Horns           The Goddess as Astarte of Ugarit, Syria           Egypt - Goddess, with a Snake and Lions, as Tefnut (at birth?) - Eye of Ra




Icons, Seals and Symbols for The Great Goddess

Indus Valley

[MOUSE-OVER for DESCRIPTION]
Indus Valley Seal                     Indus Valley Seal2                     Indus Valley - Mohenjo Seal


Simplified image of The Goddess - as Warrior or Chief - holding or restraining two lions, apparently used as identifying `seals'; either for individuals (priestesses), or for goods / cargo headed to or from `Great Goddess' territories.


Ancient - Pre-Pharaonic - Egypt

Early Egyptian Tomb painting


A similarly simplified image of The Goddess - as Warrior or Chief - holding or restraining two lions, on a c. 5,500 year old tomb in southern Egypt.  I.e. - dating from well before the time of the pharaohs.





Great Goddess image survivals from - Syria, Spain, Mesopotamia (Iran), Greece (Sparta), central Egypt, Israel, Mycenaean Greece etc.

(Mouse-over for site names or other details)
Goddess as `Ishtar' w/lion - probably of Syria

Fountain at Almunecar           Mother Goddess w/ Lions - Anatolia           Carving at Susa, Mesopotamian Iran           Carving of Goddess as Artemis, Sparta           Knife-hilt from Abydos area


Maiden Goddess with lions - bronze coin           Goddess with snakes and lions           Mycenaean Goddess w/Lions           Goddess of Minoan Crete - w/Lions           Detail from Taanach Stand - Israel



Great Goddess Warrior images used a fear-symbol - probably by later patriarchal opponents - Etruria & Ireland

Warrior Goddess as `Gorgon' - Etruscans' name for their `Amazonian' enemy                               Warrior Goddess as `Sheel na Gig', a fear-figure of later Irish clerics






Green Man
Green Man of Bamberg
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Possibly Linked

Great Cycle?
Mythos
Precess
Sphinx
Westward



We'll try to trace events, more ancient than blinkered experts admit to, which may still be influencing human civilizations.

We may have to look back 13,000 years - or more than 26,000 years.

Why?

check

"Dualism or Dichotomy"

"Sphinx"

"Westward Ho!"

"Great Cycle?"

and maybe even

"Psyche Storms"

and its evidence file

"Friend-Foe?"





Unexplained Mysteries

Astrology?
Human Origins
Human Mutations
The Sphinx

Ghosts?
Dowsing / Feng Shui
Others?





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