Does that oddly small face, with its slightly ridiculous headgear, seem out of place on that large, luxuriant lion's body?
Yes, you might think so
But mainstream 'science' ref 1 - so-called `Egyptology' - doesn't want any such discussion
The `experts' claim that the Great Sphinx at Giza, along with the 3 major Pyramids, were all built at the same time - around 4,000 years ago, by the 'Fourth Dynasty' of Pharaohs.
And they say the "face" was of one of those Pharaohs.
They also state that Egyptian civilization began with the "First Dynasty" of Pharaohs, around 3100 BCE.
There is also a fundamental problem with the time-line of Egypt's civilization and technology. ref 2 It began at a peak of building skill, high ornamentation and durability of monuments, then for thousands of years it degenerated. The most recently built pyramids are no longer to be seen - they were so sloppily done that they've disintegrated.
John Anthony West wrote: "Egyptian science, medicine, mathematics and astronomy were all of an exponentially higher order of refinement and sophistication than modern scholars will acknowledge. ... The sciences, artistic and architectural techniques and the hieroglyphic system show virtually no sign of `development'; indeed, many of the achievements of the earliest dynasties were never surpassed or even equalled later on. This astonishing fact is readily admitted by orthodox Egyptologists, but the magnitude of the mystery it poses is skilfully understated, while its many implications go unmentioned."
- developing and commenting on the ideas of R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz.
You can see there is extensive water erosion of the Sphinx's body but not of the head. That erosion means thousands of years exposure to heavy rainfall.
From references below - Lubicz et al - we can see difference between typical wind erosion and the rainfall erosion seen on the Sphinx.
All of the upper body - but not the head - shows well worn vertical channels caused by rainfall and conspicuous horizontal grooving caused by down-flowing rain water. This is markedly different from wind-erosion patterns - see above.
The Sphinx actually remains part of the land-mass, the hard limestone bedrock. Many thousands of tons of rock were dug out from around it.
The excavation for the sculpting of the Sphinx formed a wider rectangular basin in the bedrock, so at many times in its history the body has been covered for generations by in-drifted sand. Obviously on average the lower parts of the body have been most protected, and for longer.
We can deduce that the lion's body was originally larger than it is now. But the 'human' head is both more freshly cut - very little erosion - and smaller in proportion to the (now much-reduced) lion body.
[An aerial view of the Sphinx - here at Google Maps (it should be just below the pointer) - shows the body as `white / dusty' while the head looks darker / denser and so more recently cut. Zoom out - carefully - and the pyramids should be just westward.]
Real thinkers have been questioning this anomaly:-
Geology tells us there has been virtually no heavy rainfalls on Giza for more than 5,000 years; the last period of heavy rains being centered around 10,000 years ago - following ending of Ice Age, possibly linked to a comet/meteorite impact. ref 3
Co-incidentally other one-time myths ref 4 recently rediscovered - either fortuitously or by hard-slog archeological search - fit the same time-slot for a build-date.
That evidence shows possible build-dates were before sea-level rise after last Ice Age.
Check - www.dreamscape.com/morgana/hancock.htm
scroll down to
"Tunnels and Chambers Under the Great Sphinx"
We're forced to think the Sphinx was created very long ago, millennia before 5,000 years ago - to allow for subsequent erosion - and that the head has been reduced and re-shaped at some time since 5,000 years ago, because it shows little erosion.
The recarving would obviously obliterate the grooves and channels of erosion from the original head - which may well have been a lion!
Additionally, the Great Pyramid was obviously not built as a `tomb'. ref 4A
The design and architectural finish is that of a bunker or even a laboratory - lacking any of the religious inscriptions the Egyptians needed for their rites of death, and lacking even the personal identification and `soul protection' writings the Egyptian Kings thought were necessary for their own after-life.
We know that written history is mostly sycophantic historians' flattery ref 5 or boastful rulers' lies ref 6 - much as now. But some significant statements have come down to us from more or less impartial sources.
1) Solon's 6th Cent. BCE report ref 7 to the Greek assembly on returning from Egypt.
I.e. more than one 'world -wide' cataclysm recorded by Egyptians as due to extra-terrestrial causes.
2) Herodotus (5th Cent. BC) in his "History" (Book II) recounts the Egyptian astronomer's report of the timespan of their observations.
"During this time there were four occasions when the sun rose out of his wonted place - twice rising where he now sets, twice setting where he now rises."
If precession ref 8 - then maybe 39,000 years
3) "Egyptians' 12,300 years of (recorded) astronomy" - Antoniadi (below).
Plato, in the 4th Century BC said the Egyptians had been cataloging movements of the stars and planets for at least ten millennia.
4) In the 1st Century, the notably impartial Greek historian Diodorus Siculus (below) questioned Egyptian scribes about their civil history.
He reported that they told him - "At first 'gods and heroes' ruled Egypt for a little less than 18,000 years. ... Mortals have been Kings of their country, they say, for a little less than 5,000 years."
Rulers and their sycophantic courtiers usually claim their own pedigrees go back to some hero or God - as did the Pharaohs themselves. But those Egyptian scribes seem to ignore / downgrade their rulers' prestige in the report to Diodorus.
5) Six hundred years after Herodotus, the Roman scholar Pomponious Melas recorded in "De Situ Orbis" that:
"The Egyptians pride themselves on being the most ancient peoples in the world. In their authentic annals one may read that since they have been in existence, the course of the stars has changed direction four times, and that the sun has set twice in the part of the sky where it rises today."
if precession ref 8 - then maybe 39,000 years.
6) The Palermo Stone and the Torino Papyrus both give lineages of the first known rulers of Egypt, of the Old Kingdom.
The Palermo Stone contains a reference to a calendar of 320 days supposedly used sometime early in the Old Kingdom.
Some modern historians have accused the ancient Egyptians of overstating their astronomy's antiquity by claiming to have observed one and a half precessionary cycles; to have been recording for 39,000 years.
But, as most of their listeners might not realize what "the sun ... twice rising where he now sets ..." really meant, the Egyptian astronomers' claim can't be that easily dismisssed.
In addition, if the calendar from the Palermo Stone had any relevance to the real, astronomical year, even if historical and long outdated, we would be forced to consider truly awe inspiring continuity for Egyptian records and traditions.
Egyptian elites were deeply conservative and did not readily change their traditions, even when common sense demanded - and we are told by the experts that our day-length and year-length have indeed increased - but at a very slow rate *.
You might want to check long-term geological/ fossil evidence. ref 9
Even so modern experts would say that a year of 320 days has not existed for many, many millennia, perhaps more than many hundreds of thousands of years.
We had thought that no 'world-wide' catastrophe had occurred in `historical' times, from around 6000 BC to the present day.
In those terms, it was not credible that Egyptian scholars - from a civilization supposedly dating only from 3100 BCE - would invent records of extra-terrestrial impacts and then forecast future cyclical occurrences of extra-terrestrial impacts.
Until very recently the possibility of such impacts has been vehemently denied and even derided by our modern-day 'experts' - and by politicians, of course.
If we accept the implied conclusions that some persons recorded long cycles of planetary alignments, which included one - or more than one - past cataclysm; ref 10
then wrote of them in Egyptian archives;
then forecast similar events in the distant future - a logical induction from all above;
and that the Sphinx was built by the same persons - long ago, long before 3,000 BCE - from all above.
Then how would those persons pass on a meaningful message to those coming after the next worldwide cataclysm? ref 11
Bearing in mind that they could expect their records, artifacts, even their language, to be destroyed or lost, after a truly world-wide dis-aster. ref 12
We think the answer is in two parts:-
One - They'd build a marker of "immovable" construction.
The Sphinx was carved out of the bedrock and remains a part of the solid geology of Giza.
And the foundations and first few courses of Pyramid "B" - directly 'behind' the Sphinx - are constructed in the same cyclopean manner. The limestone blocks, identical to the material of the Sphinx, weigh up to 200 tons each.
We know that later, dynastic Pharaohs were shameless misappropriators (thieves) of earlier buildings, looting decoration and superimposing their own names and images wherever possible.
It was only to be expected that a prestigious ancient 'marker' building - Pyramid "B" - would eventually be 'stolen' by a later, dynastic Pharaoh.
Two - They'd use a known image and a popular `unforgettable' scientific fact to encode both the shape and the positioning of the 'marker' - because language and records could disappear.
From academic notes ref 13 we see that certain folk-lore could be said to be both "universal" and pretty well "immortal" in socio-historic terms.
E.g. which is most widely known - the "Metonic cycle" or the Zodiac?
Yes, even today, with spreading world-education - it's the Zodiac.
Answer: the Zodiac was the one item of "big knowledge" which could be expected to survive a killing-off by dis-aster of the educated few.
So knowledge of the signs of the Zodiac, plus the use of a positioning clue - a readable `precession-code' - could ensure that a fresh civilization might read the message
(EASY "precession" is HERE)
They'd probably want to tell "when" they came from!
Graham Hancock - in "Fingerprint of the Gods" - recounts the `precessional code' suggested by Bauval (below) which would use knowledge of the Zodiacal constellation visible pre-dawn on the day of the vernal equinox.
We're nearing the Age of Aquarius now - `Leo' was seen at dawn approximately 12,000 years ago.
The end of the Ice Age! - And that's now known to have changed previous civilizations' courses, in addition to perhaps prompting the building of observatories ref 14 and warning-monuments.
Coincidentally, got Atlantis question a while ago - and think some signs point to same era.
Article just spotted - "Ancient cities under the sands of Giza".
Another article - "The Valley Temple".
Another view - "Since the three-hills glyph can be seen in texts dating from the second and third dynasties, under the standard chronology the glyph appears to predate the very pyramids that it portrays, which is not possible. If it is accepted, this simple epigraphic observation overturns the whole chronology of Egypt, for the pyramids must predate the glyph that represents them. In this case, the Giza pyramids must have existed before the rise of dynastic Egyptian culture." - The Book of Thoth
Latest checks of astronomical alignment of Tihuanaco, Bolivia, say that it was built about 12,500 years ago - in the Age of Leo.
Check `Tihuanaco' (short video)
Needless to say establishment `experts' refuse to accept the evidence - because it offends their `received theories'.
THE ERAS of the EGYPTIANS
|Era of Rains
Sea-level rose 200ft
|Great Goddess Era
w/ Sacred Twins
|Great Goddess Era
w/ Bull Sacrifice
We'll try to trace events, more ancient than blinkered experts admit to, which may still be influencing human civilizations.
We may have to look back 13,000 years - or more than 26,000 years.
"Dualism or Dichotomy"
"Magic or Mass"
E.M. Antoniadi - "L'Astronomie egyptienne" - Paris 1934; also see Schwaller
Bauval, Robert - "The Orion Mystery" by Robert and Gilbert Bauval, Wm Heinemann, London 1994
Graham Hancock - "Fingerprint of the Gods" - Mandarin, ISBN 0-7493-1454-0, which gave the impetus to finally making this page and also the Spinning-Top page - thanks Graham.
Prof. Robert Schoch - Convention of the Geological Society of America 1992; Annual Meeting of A.A.A.S. 1992
R.A. Schwaller de Lubicz - "Temple de l'Homme"; "Roi de la Théocratie" (English versions - "Sacred Science"; "The King of Pharaonic Theocracy" USA 1988)
Diodorus Siculus - translated by C.H. Oldfather, Harvard University Press 1989, vol 1, p. 157
John Anthony West - "Serpent in the Sky", New York 1979; "The Traveller's Key to Ancient Egypt", London 1989