Events and sightings reported by professional and amateur astronomers and others. Significantly most publicized reports seemed to cease after c. 1950 - a top scientist had one of the last notable sightings in 1949.
Summary of events and speculation as to reasons at foot of page.
Some reports from more ancient times are briefly referred to here.
More extensive research by interested parties has produced this wider list.
December 8, 1733
James Cracker of Fleet, a small village in Dorset, saw a silvery disc fly overhead in broad daylight. Here is his eyewitness account, as described to local Chroniclers:
"Something in the sky which appeared in the north but vanished from my sight, as it was intercepted by trees, from my vision. I was standing in a valley. The weather was warm, the sun shone brightly. On a sudden it re-appeared, darting in and out of my sight with an amazing coruscation. The colour of this phenomenon was like burnished, or new washed silver. It shot with speed like a star falling in the night. But it had a body much larger and a train longer than any shooting star I have seen."
"Next day Mr Edgecombe informed me that he and another gentleman had seen this strange phenomenon at the same time as I had. It was about 15 miles from where I saw it, and steering a course from east to north."
August 9, 1762:
According to the Annual Register, 9-120, upon the 9th of August, 1762, M. de Rostan, of Basle, France, was taking altitudes of the sun, at Lausanne. He saw a vast, spindle-shaped body, about three of the sun's digits in breadth and nine in length, advancing slowly across the disk of the sun, or "at no more than half the velocity with which the ordinary solar spots move." It did not disappear until the 7th of September, when it reached the sun's limb. Because of the spindle-like form, I incline to think of a super-Zeppelin, but another observation, which seems to indicate that it was a world, is that, though it was opaque, and "eclipsed the sun," it had around it a kind of nebulosity or atmosphere? A penumbra would ordinarily be a datum of a sun spot, but there are observations that indicate that this object was at a considerable distance from the sun:
It is recorded that another observer, at Paris, watching the sun, at this time, had not seen this object;
But that M. Croste, at Sole, about forty-five German leagues northward from Lausanne, had seen it, describing the same spindle-form, but disagreeing a little as to breadth. Then comes the important point: that he and M. de Rostan did not see it upon the same part of the sun. This, then, is parallax, and, compounded with invisibility at Paris, is great parallax - or that, in the course of a month, in the summer of 1762, a large, opaque, spindle-shaped body traversed the disk of the sun, but at a great distance from the sun. The writer in the Register says: "In a word, we know of nothing to have recourse to, in the heavens, by which to explain this phenomenon."
Fort - B-o-D Chapter 14
November 4, 1867:
Chatham, England. - "On the afternoon of Monday the 4th, between the hours of three and four, I witnessed a very extraordinary sight in the heavens. The facts are as follow: ... On turning in the direction towards which he was looking, the west, I also was astounded - numberless black discs in groups and scattered were passing rapidly through the air. ... They continued for more than twenty minutes, the time I stayed. In passing in front of the sun they appeared like large cannon shot. Several groups passed over my head, disappearing suddenly, and leaving puffs of greyish brown vapour very much like smoke." The Editor of the journal added that several others had observed the black discs and concurred with Beveridge's description.
(Beveridge, James E.; "An Extraordinary Phenomenon," Symons's Monthly Meteorological Magazine, 2:130, 1867.) From Science Frontiers #128, MAR-APR 2000. © 1997 William R. Corliss www.science-frontiers.com/sf128/sf128p12.htm
August 7th, 1869:
"during the eclipse of the sun, ... in the sky of Ottumwa, Iowa: here, crossing the visible part of the sun, twenty minutes before totality of the eclipse, Prof. Himes and Prof. Zentmayer saw objects that marched, or that moved, in straight, parallel lines (Les Mondes, 21-241).(6) In the Jour. Frank. Inst., 3-58-214, it is said that some of these objects moved in one direction across the moon, and that others moved in another direction across another part of the moon, each division moving in parallel lines.(7)
... at Shelleyville, Kentucky. Here were seen, by Prof. Winlock, Alvan Clark Jr., and George W. Dean, things that moved across the moon, during the eclipse, in parallel, straight lines (Pop. Astro., 2-332).(8)
September 26th, 1870:
In the London Times, there was a description of a queer object that was seen crossing the moon. It was reported as elliptical, with some kind of tail, and it took almost thirty seconds to complete its passage of the moon.
`The Flying Saucers are Real'
August 1st, 1871:
A French astronomer, E.A. Coggia, known for cometary discoveries, saw, in Marseilles, an object slowly moving across the sky, he was unable to explain. According to his description, it appeared at 10:43 pm, and was a magnificent red object moving slowly eastward. At 10:52:30 pm it stopped, and then moved northward, until stopping again after a further seven minutes. Its next movement was once again towards the east, finally disappearing, or falling behind the horizon at 11:03:20 pm.
August 29th, 1871(?):
Another leading French astronomer, Etienne Trouvelot, saw a great number of seemingly opaque bodies crossing the sun, and similar sightings for some days until September 1st, 1871. [above]
June 17th, 1873:
Two astronomers, a Dr. Galle in Austria, and a Dr. Sage at Rybnik, Poland, were watching the planet Mars through their telescopes when they reported having seen a glowing, missile like object "emerge and separate itself from the disc of the planet Mars" - travel at a fantastic speed and seemingly explode upon reaching the Earth's atmosphere.
Fort, P.399, From `Report of the British Association for the advancement of science', 1874-272
During the Summer of 1873, residents of Bonham, Texas, saw a fast moving object flying over the south-west section of town in broad daylight. The huge, cigar shaped object flew so rapidly that it's shape was blurred. It swooped low over the town twice as citizens rushed into their homes, dove under wagons, and sought whatever shelter they could find. The object disappeared quickly to the east.
Major Donald E Keyhoe, U.S.M.C. (Ret), `The flying saucers are real' (New York : Fawcett Publications Inc. 1950) p.57
Twenty Four hours after the sighting at Bonham, soldiers on the parade field at Fort Scott, Kansas, about 350 miles to the North East, were thrown into a panic as a similar object flashed over the grounds of the military post. It took only a few seconds to disappear to the North.
April 24th, 1874:
Prof. Schaffarik of Prague Observatory saw an unidentified object crossing the moon. He reported that it was '..of such a strange nature that I do not know what to make of it. It was bright white and moved slowly across the face of the moon. I saw it even after it had left the disc of the moon. In other words, the object was no part of the moon because it left the moon behind and wandered out into space. What else can it be other than a flying machine?'
December 1875 - January 22nd, 1876:
Rio De Janeiro Observatory reported '..a vast number of bodies crossing the sun, some of them luminous and some of them dark..'
July 29th, 1878:
Reports from both Professor James Watson (from Wyoming) and Professor Lewis Swift (from Colorado) that they had seen two shining objects at a considerable distance from the sun, during the time of the total eclipse.
November 30th, 1880 (?):
Ricco, an Italian astronomer, saw at Palermo Observatory while watching the sun a number of objects crossing its surface. (date uncertain - see Nov.30 1888)
`The Saints' Herald' Of Lamoni, Iowa: described on December 1st, 1881, a most unusual and "wonderful formation of the stars" that occurred at 10:30pm sometime in November at St Joseph, Missouri. The newspaper said its story was reprinted from The Saint Joseph Evening News.
The weird astronomical display was first observed when "a star was noticed to shoot in the direction, a little North of East, almost directly toward the moon, and when apparently . . . within two score feet of luna, it stopped; this was followed by four other stars, which took positions a few inches distant, and in a direct line behind the first." Then, directly behind an inverted triangle, with the five original `stars' protruding in a straight line from the tip of the triangle. They remained stationary in this formation for half an hour.
"At the end of the half hour, they began to `break ranks'" the paper reported, "or `take their departure' and the move was made as systematically as it was formed, and about as coolly and deliberately as a company of well disciplined soldiers would disband or obey an order."
The objects proceeded in the same order they had formed, speeding off toward the moon, according to the paper. They "marched into place as gracefully as the Saxton Rifles, and broke ranks with as much grace as precision."
"The space between the several stars appeared like a few inches" the paper said, "and between the first or tail star, and the moon like or forty or fifty feet when it was doubtless countless thousands of miles. What does it mean? Is the question the News would like to ask some able bodied astronomer or scientific individual?"
Book of Thoth.com
November 17th, 1882:
E W Maunder, Superintendent at the Royal Observatory, Greenwich, and others, saw a greenish object, torpedo-shaped and luminous. He definitely did not link it to an auroral display and [at later date] after seeing zeppelins in the First World War, he linked it in shape to these airships.
Initial interest in this subject came from reading Charles Hoy Fort's repeated descriptions of 1883 in particular, being a year of uncommonly curious events and sightings. This was at a time when sightings were still being freely reported by professionals and amateurs alike - and when professionals had no fear of government reprisals for speaking out. How times change.
Here's one of Fort's many written references to that year - 1883:-
"I shall not note them all in this book, but I have records of 31 extraordinary events in 1883. Someone should write a book upon the phenomena of this one year -- that is, if books should be written -"
from - `Book of the Damned' (BoD)
Let's continue with the list of events and sightings - you'll notice, from his comments, that some of the remaining reports are also from Charles Hoy Fort's books.
[Go Resologist.Net and maybe other sites for full list - well worth a look or even getting yourself lost in.]
February 23rd, 1883:
Camille Flammarion, who is still very well-known in our day and one of the most known astronomical writers of all times, saw an object remaining stationary for some time, he could not link to anything known to him. He saw also at other times objects similar to this one: he even named them Bradytes.
April 15th & 25th, 1883:
At Marseilles, Monsieur Bruguiere observed bodies crossing the sun that were 'irregular in form. Some of them moved as if in alignment.'
August 12th and 13th, 1883:
Bonilla, director of Zacatecas Observatory, Mexico saw whilst observing sun-spots, not less than 283 bodies crossing the sun. He admits the count was only approximate, as many appeared at the same time. Photos taken are still in existence - the earliest known UFO photos. Some objects were also seen the following day. [447 total - Full Report]
Reports of `falls' of un-identified or alien substances were widespread during these times - for an impression of the genre try - `Book of the Damned Chap 3' and Chapter 4 and maybe more.
Feb. 3, 1884:
M. Staevert, of the Brussels Observatory, saw, upon the disc of Venus, an extremely brilliant point (Ciel et Terre, 5-127).(12) Nine days later, Niesten saw just such a point [140/141] of light as this, but at a distance from the planet. If no one had ever heard that such things can not be, one might think that these two observations were upon something that had been seen leaving Venus and had then been seen farther along.
July 3, 1884:
a luminous object was seen moving slowly in the sky of Norwood, N.Y. It had features that suggest the structural: a globe the size of the moon, surrounded by a ring; two dark lines crossing the nucleus (Science Monthly, 2-136).(13)
July 26, 1884:
a luminous globe, size of the moon, was seen at Cologne; it seemed to be moving upward from this earth, then was stationary "some minutes," and then continued upward until it disappeared (Nature, 30-360).(14)
An astronomer and a number of others at Adrianopole, in European Turkey, and Scutari, in Asiatic Turkey, made sightings of strange aerial objects on two successive days in 1886. The sightings were reported in the 1886 edition of "L'Astronomie"
November 30th, 1888(?):
Palermo, Italy. Senor Ricci of the Palermo observatory saw `a number of spindle-shaped flying objects crossing the sun's disc at a great height.'
UFOsTSH - date uncertain, see Nov.30, 1880
April 4th, 1892:
A Dutch astronomer, Muller saw a large black disc slowly crossing the moon, unexplainable to him.
July 31st, 1896:
At Smith Observatory, U.S.A., astronomers noticed a dark circular disc-shaped object going across the moon's surface very quickly, timed at about four seconds, which should prove its closeness to Earth.
April 10th-11th, 1897:
From California to Michigan ... a mysterious bright light, which reportedly could move in several different directions, became visible at various times in the western two-thirds of the country.
The most popular explanation of the time was that the mysterious light was an "airship" equipped with electric lights and some kind of searchlight. One person in La Crosse who observed the light through opera glasses reported seeing an oblong object suspended from the light. This had been reported in other parts of the country as well.
www.lacrossetribune.com Source: La Crosse Public Library Archives. (608) 789-7136.
November 20th 1902:
(At) 9.27 a.m., Mr.Griffiths, the assistant astronomer at Adelaide Observatory and colleague were taking weather observations when a `brilliant globular light' appeared to the SSE at about 45 degrees elevation. It moved slowly north and remained visible until 9.31 a.m., covering about 20 degrees of arc in that time, and was lost sight of about 45 degrees above the northern horizon. When it was near overhead it appeared elongated `and took an elliptical form' with its axis in the direction of motion.
January 27th - 28th, 1912:
Astronomer Frank B. Harris wrote to Popular Astronomy and The Times that he saw `a huge object of some kind, moving across the moon's surface.' He stated that the object was opaque, black, approximately 250 miles long and 50 miles wide, and close enough to the surface to cast a shadow on the moon. Observation spanned 10.30 pm - 2.00 am.
PA 20, 1912/MU (see below)
January 27, 1912:
In `Popular Astronomy' (see above) a Dr. F. B. Harris described an intensely black object that he saw crossing the moon. As nearly as he could tell, it was gigantic in size - though again there was no way to be sure of its distance from him or the moon. With careful understatement, Dr. Harris said, `I think a very interesting and curious phenomenon happened that night.'
February 25, 1942:
THE BATTLE OF LOS ANGELES - Part I
THE BATTLE OF LOS ANGELES - Part II
2010 UPDATE - LEAKED DOCUMENTATION OF BATTLE OF LOS ANGELES [pdf]
May 3rd, 1947:
USA; Nighttime - 'An amateur astronomer in Boulder, Colorado, after training his telescope on the moon, saw a dark object hurtle across the disk of the moon in a horizontal straight line path.'
August 20th, 1949:
Clyde Tombaugh, discoverer of the planet Pluto in 1930, saw at about 10:45 p.m. while sitting outside his home at Las Cruces, New Mexico, with his wife and mother-in-law, between six and eight greenish objects which were travelling soundlessly across the sky.
He reported - 'In all of my several thousand hours of night sky-watching, I have never seen anything so strange as this. I was so astonished that my impression of it was somewhat confused. How I wished I could have had some binoculars at hand. No sound whatever.'
Letter from Clyde Tombaugh to Richard Hall, dated September 10th 1957:
Regarding the solidity of the phenomenon I saw: My wife thought she saw a faint connecting glow across the structure. The illuminated rectangles I saw did maintain an exact fixed position with respect to each other, which would tend to support the impression of solidity. I doubt that the phenomenon was any terrestrial reflection, because some similarity to it should have appeared many times. I do a great deal of observing (with telescopic and unaided eye) in the backyard and nothing of the kind has ever appeared before or since.'
In 1956 Tombaugh had the following to say about his various sightings:
"I have seen three objects in the last seven years which defied any explanation of known phenomenon, such as Venus, atmospheric optic, meteors or planes. I am a professional, highly skilled, professional astronomer. In addition I have seen three green fireballs which were unusual in behavior from normal green fireballs ... I think that several reputable scientists are being unscientific in refusing to entertain the possibility of extraterrestrial origin and nature."
The evidence above seems to say sightings were made and reported frankly by qualified observers. Also - that qualified observers have stopped reporting sightings c. 1950. Why?
[There were a few well-witnessed sightings since then, like this one at Tananarive (Antananarivo), Madagascar, where between 20,000 and 200,000 people, some qualifed observers, saw the flying object. More recent evidence is coming via NASA and Russian photography from orbit - check `Unidentified Space Phenomena'
Reason for these being collected (starting 16 April 2008) is a hunch that some or all may be early observations of Martyn Stubbs' `first space phenomena'
Already there's a correlation with circular UFOs filmed / photo'd over Mexico's Popocatepetl volcano - presented by Jaime Maussan
In deference to Charles Fort, because they're taken from his work, they'll be in order of the books
And artificial constructions that I have called "super-constructions": one of them about the size of Brooklyn, I should say, off hand. And one or more of them wheel-shaped things, a goodly number of square miles in area.
In the Monthly Notices of the R. A. S., 11-48, there is a letter from the Rev. W. Read:(1)
That, upon the 4th of September, 1851, at 9.30 a. m., he had seen a host of self-luminous bodies, passing the field of his telescope, some slowly and some rapidly. They appeared to occupy a zone several degrees in breadth. The direction of most of them was due east to west, but some moved from north to south. The numbers were tremendous. They were observed for six hours.
"May not these appearances be attributed to an abnormal state of the optic nerves of the observer?"
In Monthly Notices, 12-38, Mr. Read answers that he had been a diligent observer, with instruments of a superior order, for about 28 years - "but I have never witnessed such an appearance before." As to illusion he says that two other members of his family had seen the objects.(2)
The Editor withdraws his suggestion.
Knowledge, Dec. 28, 1883 ...
SEEING so many meteorological phenomena in your excellent paper, Knowledge, I am tempted to ask for an explanation of the following, which I saw when on board the British India Company's steamer Patna while on a voyage up the Persian Gulf. In May, 1880, on a dark night, about 11:30 pm., there suddenly appeared on each side of the ship an enormous luminous wheel whirling round, the spokes of which seemed to brush the ship along. The spokes would be 200 or 300 yards long, and resembled the birch rods of the dames' schools. Each wheel contained about sixteen spokes and, although the wheels must have been some 500 or 600 yards in diameter, the spokes could be distinctly seen all the way round. The phosphorescent gleam seemed to glide along flat on the surface of the sea, no light being visible in the air above the water. The appearance of the spokes could be almost exactly represented by standing in a boat and flashing a bull's-eye lantern horizontally along the surface of the water, round and round. I may mention that the phenomenon was also seen by Captain Avern, commander of the Patna, and Mr. Manning, third officer.(2)
The obvious explanation of this phenomenon is that, under the surface of the sea, in the Persian Gulf, was a vast luminous wheel: that it was the light from its submerged spokes that Mr. Robertson saw, shining upward. It seems clear that this light did shine upward from origin below the surface of the sea. But at first it is not so clear how vast luminous wheels, each the size of a village, ever got under the surface of the Persian Gulf: also there may be some misunderstanding as to what they were doing there.
Vast wheel-like super-constructions - they enter this earth's atmosphere, and, threatened with disintegration, plunge for relief into an ocean, or into a denser medium.
Of course the requirements now facing us are: [259/260]
Not only data of vast wheel-like super-constructions that have relieved their distresses in the ocean, but data of enormous wheels that have been see in the air, or entering the ocean, or rising from the ocean and continuing their voyages.
In Nature, 37-187, and L'Astronomie, 1887-76,
we are told that an object, described as "a large ball of fire," was seen to rise from the sea, near Cape Race.(6) We are told that it rose to a height of fifty feet, and then advanced close to the ship, then moving away, remaining visible about five minutes. The supposition in Nature is that it was "ball lightning," but Flammarion, `Thunder and Lightning' p. 68, says that it was enormous.(7)
Details in the American Meteorological Journal, 6-443 - Nov. 12, 1887 - British steamer Siberian - that the object had moved "against the wind" before retreating - that Captain Moore said that at about the same place he had seen such appearances before.(8)
Rept. Brit. Assoc., 1861-30:(9)
That, upon June 18, 1845, according to the Malta Times, from the brig Victoria, about 900 miles east of Adalia, Asia Minor (36 40' 56", N. Lat: 13 44' 36" E. Long.) three luminous bodies were seen to issue from the sea, at about half a mile from the vessel. They were visible about ten minutes.
The story was never investigated, but other accounts that seem acceptably to be other observations upon this same sensational spectacle came in, as if of their own accord, and were published by Prof. Baden-Powell. One is a letter from a correspondent at Mt. Lebanon. He describes only two luminous bodies. Apparently they were five times the size of the moon: each had appendages, or they were connected by parts that are described as sail-like or streamer-like, looking like "large flags blown out by a gentle breeze." The important point here is not only suggestion of structure, but duration. The duration of meteors is a few seconds: duration of fifteen seconds is remarkable, but I think there are records up to half a minute. This object, if it were all one object, was visible at Mt. Lebanon about one hour. An interesting circumstance is that the appendages did not look like trains of meteors, which shine by their own light, but "seemed to shine by light from the main bodies."
About 900 miles west of the position of the Victoria is the town of Adalia, Asia Minor. At about the time of the observation reported by the captain of the Victoria, the Rev. F. Hawlett, F. R. A. S., was in Adalia. He, too, saw this spectacle, and sent an account to Prof. Baden-Powell. In his view it was a body that appeared and then broke up. He places duration at twenty minutes to half an hour.
In the Report of the British Association, 1860-82,
the phenomenon [261/262] was reported from Syria and Malta, as two very large bodies "nearly joined."(10)
Rept. Brit. Assoc., 1860-77:(11)
That, at Cherbourg, France, Jan. 12, 1836,
was seen a luminous body, seemingly two-thirds the size of the moon. It seemed to rotate on an axis. Central to it there seemed to be a dark cavity.
For other accounts, all indefinite, but distortable into data of wheel-like objects in the sky, see Nature, 22-617; London Times, Oct. 15, 1859; Nature, 21-225; Monthly Weather Review, 1883-264.(12)
That, upon the morning of Dec. 20, 1893, an appearance in the sky was seen by many persons in Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina. A luminous body passed overhead, from west to east, until at about fifteen degrees in the eastern horizon, it appeared to stand still for fifteen or twenty minutes. According to some descriptions it was the size of a table. To some observers it looked like an enormous wheel. The light was a brilliant white. Acceptably it was not an optical illusion - the noise of its passage through the air was heard. Having been stationary, or having seemed to stand still fifteen or twenty minutes, it disappeared, or exploded. No sound of explosion was heard.
Vast wheel-like constructions. They're especially adapted to roll through a gelatinous medium from planet to planet. Sometimes, because of miscalculations, or because of stresses of various kinds, they enter this earth's atmosphere. They're likely to explode. They have to submerge in the sea. They stay in the sea awhile, revolving with relative leisureliness, until relieved, and then emerge, sometimes close to vessels. Seamen tell of what they see: their reports are interred in scientific morgues. I should say that the general route of these constructions is along latitudes not far from the latitudes of the Persian Gulf.
34. Lettre de M. Herrick à M. Le Verrier. Comptes Rendus, 49 (1859): 810-2.
Thomas William Webb. Celestial Objects. 4th ed. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1881, 43. 6th ed., 1917. Pastroff observed two spots on the sun on July 24 and 25, 1823; and, Biela observed a sharply defined circular spot on the sun on October 23, 1823.
Aug. 30, 1863
- an unknown body was seen by Spörer to cross the sun (Webb, Celestial Objects, p. 45).(2)
Things that have crossed the sun, July 31, 1826, and May 26, 1828 - see Comptes Rendus, 83-623, and Webb's Celestial Objects, p. 40.(4)
From Sept. 6 to Nov. 1, 1831,
An unknown luminous object was seen every cloudless night, at Geneva, by Dr. Wartmann and his assistants (Comptes Rendus, 2-307).(5) It was reported from nowhere else. What all the other astronomers were doing, Sept.-Oct., 1831, is one of the mysteries that we shall not solve.
An unknown, luminous object that was seen, from May 11 to May 14, 1835, by Cacciatore, the Sicilian astronomer (Amer. Jour. Sci., 31-158).(6) Two unknowns that according to Pastorff, crossed the sun, Nov. 1, 1836, and Feb. 16, 1837 (An. Sci. Disc., 1860-410)
De Vico's unknown, July 12, 1837, (Observatory, 2-424) Observation by De Cuppis, Oct. 2, 1839 (C.R., 83-314) by Scott and Wray, last of June, 1847; by Schmidt, Oct. 11, 1847 (C.R., 83-623)
Two dark bodies that were seen, Feb. 5, 1849, by Brown, of Deal (Rec. Sci., 1-138)
Object watched by [116/117] Sidebotham, half an hour, March 12, 1849, crossing the sun, (C.R., 83-622)
Schmidt's unknown, Oct. 14, 1849 (Observatory, 3-137) and an object that was watched, four nights in October, 1850, by James Ferguson, of the Washington Observatory.(7) Mr. Hind believed this object to be a Trans-Neptunian planet, and calculated for it a period of 1,600 years.
Mr. Hind was a great astronomer, and he miscalculated magnificently: this floating island of space was not seen again (Smithson. Miscell. Cols., 20-20).(8)
A procession - in the Rept. B.A., 1855-94, R.P.
Greg says that, upon May 22, 1854, a friend of his saw, near Mercury, an object equal in size to the planet itself, and behind it an elongated object, and behind that something else, smaller and round.(10)
June 11, 1855 -
A dark body of such size that it was seen, without telescopes, by Ritter and Schmidt, crossing the sun (Observatory, 3-137).(11)
Sept. 12, 1857
Ohrt's unknown world; seemed to be about the size of Mercury (C.R., 83-623)
Aug. 1, 1858
Unknown world reported by Wilson, of Manchester (Astro. Reg., 9-287).(12)
I am not listing all the unknowns of a period; perhaps the object reported by John H. Tice, of St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 15, 1859, should not be included; Mr. Tice was said not to be trustworthy - but who has any way of knowing?(13)
However, I am listing enough of these observations to make me feel like a translated European of some centuries ago, relatively to a wider existence - lands that may be the San Salvadors, Greenlands, Madagascars, Cubas, Australias of extra-geography, all of them said to have crossed the sun, whereas the sun may have moved behind some of them
Jan. 29, 1860
- unknown object, of planetary size, reported from London, by Russell and three other observers (Nature, 15-505).(14)
Summer of 1860 - see Sci. Amer., 35-340, for an account, by Richard Covington, of an object, that without a telescope, he saw crossing the sun.(15)
An unknown world, reported by Loomis, of Manchester, March 20, 1862 (Monthly Notices, 22-232)
A newspaper account of an object that was seen crossing the sun, [117/118] Feb. 12, 1864, [b]y Samuel Beswick, of New York (Astro. Reg., 2-161)
Unknown that was seen March 8, 1865, at Constantinople (L'Ann. Sci., 1865-16)
Unknown "cometic objects" that were seen, November 4, 9, and 18, 1865 (Monthly Notices, 26-242).(16)
Most of these unknowns were seen in the daytime. Several reflections arise. How can there be stationary regions over Irkutsk, Comrie, and Birmingham, and never obscure the stars - or never be seen to obscure the stars? A heresy that seems too radical for me is that they may be beyond nearby stars. A more reasonable idea is that if nightwatchmen and policemen and other persons who do stay awake nights, should be given telescopes, something might be found out. Something else that one thinks of is that, if so many unknowns have been seen crossing the sun, or crossed by the sun, others not so revealed must exist in great numbers, and that instead of being virtually blank, space must be archipelagoic.
In L'Astronomie, 1887-426,
MM. Codde and Payan, both of them astronomers, well-known for their conventional observations and writings, publish accounts of an unknown body that appeared upon the sun's limb, for twenty or thirty seconds, after the eclipse of August 19, 1887.(13) They saw a round body, apparent diameter about one tenth of the apparent diameter of the sun, according to the sketch that is published. In L'Astronomie, these two observers write separately, and, in the city of Marseilles, their [151/152] observations were made at a distance apart. But the unknown body was seen by both upon the same part of the sun's limb. So it is supposed that it could not have been a balloon, nor a circular cloud, nor anything else very near this earth.
Here's the very last time reports were obtained from professional astronomers - but only by fellow astronomer J Allen Hynek presenting himself as willing to "chat - off the record".
Their new, and increasing reluctance to talk was presumably due to fear of official `punishments'.
The testimony is in a report from Dr Hynek written (for the USAF) in Aug 1952 at:
Pages 958 to maybe 980
From `Wiki' on E.T.H
In a letter that was published in the New York Times. Fort wrote, "If it is not the respectable or conventional thing upon this earth to believe in visitors from other worlds, most of us would watch them a week and declare that they were something else, and likely make things disagreeable for anyone who thought otherwise."
According to a 1969 lecture by Carl Sagan: "The idea of benign or hostile super beings from other planets visiting the earth [is clearly] an emotional idea. There are two sorts of self-deception here: either accepting the idea of extraterrestrial visitation in the face of very meager evidence because we want it to be true; or rejecting such an idea out of hand, in the absence of sufficient evidence, because we don't want it to be true. Each of these extremes is a serious impediment to the study of UFOs.".
Astrophysicist Dr. Peter A. Sturrock wrote that for many years, "discussions of the UFO issue have remained narrowly polarized between advocates and adversaries of a single theory, namely the extraterrestrial hypothesis ... this fixation on the ETH has narrowed and impoverished the debate, precluding an examination of other possible theories for the phenomenon."
According to Dr. Frank B. Salisbury of Utah State University, in order to prevent science from descending into pseudosciences, some burden of proof must also be be put on those who do not support ETH.
"Can we eliminate the spaceship hypothesis in any rigorous scientific manner? Logically one might think of two approaches: we must show in each and every instance ever reported that the object was not an extraterrestrial spaceship, or we must show by some sort of scientific logic that it is impossible for extraterrestrial beings to visit us." Dr. Frank B. Salisbury.
neither `proof' has ever been established, instead, suppression of reports and of facts has been the order of the day, since c. 1950.
We can find out what happened next at `Reports of Suppression' - collected from the files.
And, maybe check www.perceptions.couk.com/exosci.html#nonE for the reason for all this interest.
I.e. - Looking for an explanation for 60 years of lies; maybe gov't ordered military lies and scientists' lies.