The Arabs' Contribution
"The Arabs' major contribution to science and mathematics was made durinng the golden age of Muslim supremacy.
Their massive programme of translating into Arabic the scientific works of the Babylonians, Egyptians, Greeks, Indians
and Chinese preserved what was known, making it available to Western scholars. It laid the basis for the Western scientific
revolution of the 15th to 16th centuries.
The Arabs also developed new branches of mathematics, such as algebra and trigonometry. They laid the foundations of analytical
geometry. They preserved Greek geometry and number theory from loss through disuse, translating a large part of the body of Greek
mathematics  including, for example , Euclid's `Elements' and the `Arithmetics' of Gerasa and Diophantus.
Six hundred years before Napier they set out the basic ideas behind the invention of logarithms."

p. 155  `Number  From ancient civilisations to the computer' (1991 ISBN 0006544843) by John McLeish
[Emeritus Professor at the University of Victoria, British Columbia]

`Perceptions' note:
Reference file for a science / social page:
http://www.perceptions.couk.com/magi.html#from2
and a tangential reference in a discussion thread file:
http://www.perceptions.couk.com/iqtests.txt
N.b. when McLeish uses `Arab', he usually means `Arab / Persian'.

FURTHER REFERENCES
GO  "search perceptions"  in SEARCHENGINE
fileID www.perceptions.couk.com/arabscience.txt